Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object
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Marble statue of a kouros (youth)

Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 590–580 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Marble, Naxian
Dimensions:
H. without plinth 76 5/8 in. (194.6 cm); H. of head 12 in. (30.5 cm); length of face 8 7/8 in. (22.6 cm); shoulder width 20 5/16 in. (51.6 cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1932
Accession Number:
32.11.1
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 154
This is one of the earliest marble statues of a human figure carved in Attica. The rigid stance, with the left leg forward and arms at the side, was derived from Egyptian art. The pose provided a clear, simple formula that was used by Greek sculptors throughout the sixth century B.C. In this early figure, almost abstract, geometric forms predominate; and anatomical details are rendered in beautiful analogous patterns. The statue marked the grave of a young Athenian aristocrat.
Said to be from Attica (Richter 1931, p. 220)

Acquired October 6, 1931, purchased from Jacob Hirsch, New York.
Beazley, John D. 1932. Greek Sculpture & Painting to the End of the Hellenistic Period. p. 20, fig. 34, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1932. "The Archaic Greek Statue." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 27(10): pp. 217-23, figs. 1-4.

American Journal of Archaeology. 1932. "Editorial Comment." American Journal of Archaeology, 36(4): p. 381, pl. A.

Richter, Gisela M. A. and Irma A. Richter. 1934–1936. "The Archaic 'Apollo' in the Metropolitan Museum." Metropolian Museum Studies, 5: pp. 20-57, figs. 1-14, 23.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1936[1934]. A Guide to the Collections, Part 1: Ancient and Oriental Art, 2nd edn. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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Richter, Gisela M. A. 1942. Kouroi: A Study of the Development of the Greek Kouros from the Late Seventh to the Early Fifth Century B.C.. no. 1, pp. 63-6, pls. VI-VIII, figs. 19-26, XIII, fig. 42, XX, fig. 67, CXXXII, figs. 448-50, New York: Oxford University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1950. The Sculpture and Sculptors of the Greeks, 3rd edn. pp. 53, 346, fig. 18, New Haven: Yale University Press.

Taylor, Francis Henry. 1952. "The Archaic Smile: A Commentary on the Arts in Times of Crisis." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 10(8): p. 223.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 47, 193, pl. 33, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 1, pp. 1-2, pls. 1-3, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. "The Department of Greek and Roman Art: Triumphs and Tribulations." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 3: pp. 82, 85, fig. 17.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: Dutton.

Hoving, Thomas. 1970. "Director's Choice." Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, n.s.: pp. 202-3.

Avery, Catherine B. 1972[1962]. The New Century Handbook of Greek Art and Architecture. p. vii, pl. 1, New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. p. 45, pl. 10a, Cambridge, England.

Reuterswärd, Patrik. 1980. Studien zur Polychromie der Plastik. pp. 45, n. 75, 66, Stockholm: Bokförlaget Svenska.

Levi, Peter. 1980. Atlas of the Greek World. p. 70, Oxford: Phaidon Press.

Guralnick, Eleanor. 1981. "Proportions of Korai." American Journal of Archaeology, 85(1): pp. 270 n. 12, 278.

Guralnick, Eleanor. 1982. "Profiles of Korai." American Journal of Archaeology, 86(2): pp. 401-5, 408-9, figs. 2-3.

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Himmelmann, Nikolaus. 1989. Herrscher und Athlet: Die Bronzen vom Quirinal. pp. 69-70, 74, pls. 25a, 25b, Milan: Olivetti.

Stewart, Andrew F. 1990. Greek Sculpture: An Exploration. pp. 34, 108-9, 111-12, pls. 42, no. 3, 43, no. 3, 49-55, New Haven: Yale University Press.

1994. Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide: Works of Art Selected by Philippe De Montebello. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Métraux, Guy P. R. 1995. Sculptors and Physicians in Fifth-Century Greece: A Preliminary Study. fig. 13, Montréal: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Bol, Peter C. 1997. Liebieghaus-Museum alter Plastik. Fuhrer durch die Sammlungen: Griechische und Romische Plastik. p. 37, Abb. 18, Frankfurt am Main: Liebieghaus Skulpturen Sammlung.

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2002. Der Kuros vom Heiligen Tor : Überraschende Neufunde archaischer Skulptur im Kerameikos in Athen pp. 60-2, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.

Milleker, Elizabeth J. 2003. Light on Stone: Greek and Roman Sculpture in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, a Photographic Essay. p. 95, pls. 1-5, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Höckmann, Ursula. 2004. "Werke zyprischer Bildhauer im griechischen Naukratis. Eine Kourosstatuette in Oxford." Sepulkral- und Votivdenkmäler östlicher Mittelmeergebiete (7. Jahrhundert v.Chr. - 1. Jahrhundert n.Chr.) : Kulturbegegnungen im Spannungsfeld von Akzeptanz und Resistenz : Akten des Internationalen Symposiums Mainz, 01.-03.11.2001, Renate Bol and Detlev Kreikenbom, eds. p. 63 n. 26, Mönnesee: Bibliopolis.

Brinkmann, Vinzenz. 2007. "The Coloring of Archaic and Early Classical Sculpture." Gods in Color: Painted Sculpture of Classical Antiquity, Vinzenz Brinkmann and Raimund Wünsche, eds. pp. 32-33, fig. 26, Cambridge: Arthur M. Sackler Museum, Harvard Art Museums.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 67, pp. 70-71, 419, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Mertens, Joan R. 2010. How to Read Greek Vases. pp. 46, 66, fig. 30, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Carter, Jane B. and Laura J. Steinberg. 2010. "Kouroi and Statisics." American Journal of Archaeology. p. 107, fig. 2.

Palagia, Olga. 2010. "Early Archaic Sculpture in Athens." Scolpire il marmo: Importazioni, artisti itineranti, scuole artistiche nel Mediterraneo antico, Gianfranco Adornato, ed. p. 44 n. 34, fig. 15, Milano: LED.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2012. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide. p. 64, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Lazzarini, Lorenzo and Dr. Clemente Marconi. 2014. "A New Analysis of Major Greek Sculptures in the Metropolitan Museum: Petrological and Stylistic." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 49: pp. 124-5, 129, fig. 20.

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