This helmet is one of a series thought to have been made for the guard of Pier Luigi Farnese (1503–1547), who ruled as duke of Parma and Piacenza from 1545 to 1547. The raised fleur-de-lis on either side refers to the Farnese coat of arms (six blue fleurs-de-lis on a gold ground).
Ex. coll.: Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, duc de Dino, Paris.
New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "European Helmets 1450–1650: Treasures from the Reserve Collection," January 25, 2000–May 13, 2002.
Cosson, Charles Alexander. Le Cabinet D'armes De Maurice De Talleyrand-Périgord, Duc De Dino. Paris: E. Rouveyre, 1901. p. 36, no. B. 33, pl. 9.
Dean, Bashford, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Catalogue of European Arms and Armor. Metropolitan Museum of Art Handbook, Vol. 15. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1905. p. 114, fig. 49C.
Hayward, J. F. "Les Collections du Palais de Capodimonte, Naples." Armes Anciennes I, no. 6 (1956). p. 161.
Mann, Sir James. "Text with Historical Notes and Illustrations." In European Arms and Armour. Vol. I. London: Wallace Collection, 1962. p. 115, no. A. 112, pl. 51, 62.
Hayward, John F., and Sotheby Parke Bernet & Co. The Hever Castle Collection: The Property of The Lord Astor of Hever. Vol. I. London: Sotheby Parke Bernet & Co., May 5, 1983. p. 32, lot 39.
Boccia, Lionello G. I Farnese: Arte e Collezionismo, edited by Nicola Spinosa, and Lucia Fornani Schianchi. Milan: Electa, 1995. no. 268.
Pyhrr, Stuart W. European Helmets, 1450–1650: Treasures from the Reserve Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000. pp. 4, 23, no. 32.