Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Terracotta amphora (jar)

Attributed to Group E
Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 540 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Terracotta; black-figure
Dimensions:
H. 16 7/8 in. (42.8 cm); diameter 11 5/16 in. (28.8 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1941
Accession Number:
41.162.143
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 154
Obverse, Ajax attempting to rape Cassandra at the statue of Athena
Reverse, Theseus attacking the Minotaur

A lost epic poem, the Iliu Persis, described the fall of Troy to the Greeks. Cassandra, a daughter of King Priam, tried to take refuge at a statue of Athena but was dragged away and raped by the Greek warrior Ajax. Here she kneels below Athena's shield, while Ajax appears to be challenging the goddess herself. The artist has shown the statue of Athena as it appeared on every Panathenaic prize amphora.
Bonnefons de Lavialle. April 25,1836. Description des Antiquités et Objets d’Art qui composent le Cabinet de Feu M. Le Chevalier E. Durand. no. 408, p. 149.

Gerhard, Eduard. 1858. Auserlesene Griechische vasenbilder: hauptsächlich etruskischen fundorts. Heroenbilder, meistens Homerisch. p. 147 n. 48, Berlin.

1865. Catalogue des objets d'art et de haute curiosité antiques, du moyen age et de la renaissance qui composent les collections de feu M. le comte de Pourtalès-Gorgier, et dont la vente aura lieu en son hôtel, rue Trochet no. 7, le lundi 6 fevrier 1865. no. 227, p. 60.

Beazley, John D. 1931-32. "Groups of Mid-Sixth-Century Black-Figure." Annual of the British School at Athens, 32: no. 26, p. 6.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1942. "The Gallatin Collection of Greek Vases." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 37(3): pp. 52-4, fig. 2.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1945. "The Metropolitan's Classics." Art News p.14.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 58 n. 34, 198, pl. 38d, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Arias, Paolo Enrico. 1955. "Dalle necropoli di Spina la tomba 136 di valle Pega." Revista dell' Istituto Nazionale d'archeologia e storia dell'arte, : p. 167 n. 6.

Beazley, John D. 1956. Attic Black-figure Vase-painters. p. 134, no. 25, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1963. Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. United States of America. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Attic Black-figured Amphorae, Corpus Vasorum Antiquorum. United States of America., Fasc. 3, U.S.A. 12. pl. 14, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 55, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Young, Ellen. 1972. "The slaying of the Minotaur : evidence in art and literature for the development of the myth, 700-400 B.C. Ph.D. diss." Ph.D. Diss. p. 135. Bryn Mawr College.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Aias II, no. 19, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Böhr, Elke. 1982. Der Schaukelmaler. p. 32 n. 265, Mainz: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1990. Herakles-Kenchrias, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 5. Kassandra I, no. 61, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Hedreen, Guy Michael. 2001. Capturing Troy: The Narrative Functions of Landscape in Archaic and Early Classical Greek Art. p. 25 n. 10, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

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