Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Lion felling a bull, from a marble pediment

Period:
Archaic
Date:
ca. 525–500 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Marble, Parian
Dimensions:
Overall: 25 3/16 x 7 in. (64 x 17.8 cm) Other: 28 3/8in. (72cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1942
Accession Number:
42.11.35
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 155
The original composition, which probably decorated the pediment (triangular gable) of a small building, consisted of two lions felling their prey. The adjoining piece, which the forepart of the right-hand lion and the middle of the bull, was found near the Olympieion in Athens in 1862 and is now in the National Archaeological Museum, Athens. The subject is one of the most popular in Archaic art of all media. It allowed artists to infuse a symmetrical composition with violent movement. It may also have represented the conflict between civilized life and nature, a theme symbolized later by the struggles between Greeks and centaurs.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. pp. 135, 274, pl. 114b, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1954. Catalogue of Greek Sculptures. no. 7, pp. 5-6, pls. 10a-c, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Richter, Gisela M. A. 1970. "The Department of Greek and Roman Art: Triumphs and Tribulations." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 3: pp. 82-3, 89, figs. 19, 33.

Robertson, Martin and Cambridge University Press. 1975. A History of Greek Art, Vols. 1 and 2. p. 160, Cambridge, England.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1987. Greece and Rome. no. 17, pp. 9, 32, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 91, pp. 87, 423, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Lazzarini, Lorenzo and Dr. Clemente Marconi. 2014. "A New Analysis of Major Greek Sculptures in the Metropolitan Museum: Petrological and Stylistic." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 49: pp. 122, 130, 138-9, fig. 12, Appendix.

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