Phlyax vases are characterized by the representation of a rustic comic figure wearing a short garment padded in front and behind, a large phallos, and tights. Phlyax plays parodied tragic drama or the Greek gods and heroes, or they focused on ridiculous aspects of daily life. The emphasis on color in Gnathian vases heightens the jollity of the actor here, who wears the mask of a slave and brandishes a torch.
Richter, Gisela M. A. 1953. Handbook of the Greek Collection. p. 130, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1954. "Recent Accessions of Greek and Etruscan Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 13(2): p. 64.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. "Greek Vase Painting: An Introduction." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 31(1): no. 28, pp. 8, 64–65, 68.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1972. Greek Vase Painting: An Introduction. no. 34, pp. 8, 66, 71, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Mayo, Margaret Ellen and Kenneth Hamma. 1982. The Art of South Italy: Vases from Magna Graecia no. 118, pp. 253-4, 260, Richmond: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts.