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Terracotta kantharos (drinking cup)

Period:
Late Classical
Date:
ca. 325–300 B.C.
Culture:
Etruscan
Medium:
Terracotta; red-figure
Dimensions:
H. 6 3/16 in. (15.7 cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1951
Accession Number:
51.11.10
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 170
Obverse and reverse, griffins attacking a deer

The subject of griffins attacking a deer has a long history and remained popular during the Hellenistic period throughout the Mediterranean area. It may be a symbol of the inevitability of death. The handles are ribbon-like and include so-called Herakles knots, a square knot symbolic of love and power in the ancient world. In the Roman Imperial period, Herakles knots were believed to heal wounds.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1952. "Some Etruscan Vases." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 10(5): p. 147.

von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1978. Antichnoe iskusstvo iz muzeia Metropoliten, Soedinennye Shtaty Ameriki: Katalog vystavki. no. 89, Moscow: Sovetskii Khudozhnik.

Harari, Maurizio. 1980. Il "Gruppo Clusium" della ceramografia etrusca. no. 1, pp. 79, 183-85, fig. 4, pl. 40, Rome: L'Erma di Bretschneider.

de Puma, Richard Daniel. 2013. Etruscan Art in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. no. 6.51, p. 212, New Haven and London: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

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