Art/ Collection/ Art Object
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Terracotta kylix (drinking cup)

Period:
Late Archaic
Date:
ca. 480–470 B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic or Boeotian
Medium:
Terracotta; black-figure
Dimensions:
3 5/8 x 12in. (9.2 x 30.5cm); diameter 8 3/4in. (22.2cm)
Classification:
Vases
Credit Line:
Gift of Ernest Brummer, 1957
Accession Number:
57.12.4
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 171
Interior, satyr with wineskin and drinking horn
Exterior, Achilles and Polyxena

A series of black-figure cups of the later first quarter of the fifth century B.C. does not allow easy attribution to Attica or Boeotia. The fabric is poorly fired, the execution exceedingly careless, often with a combination of silhouette and incision. The Attic pieces come from the workshop of the Haimon Painter, a prolific producer of lekythoi (oil flasks) as well as skyphoi (deep drinking cups). Although the fabric of this cup has the pink hue characteristic of Attic clay, the misfiring of the interior and its execution resemble the Boeotian examples.
The interpretation of the well-established subject of Achilles and Troilos on the exterior suggests a painter unfamiliar with the canonical story. According to the latter, the Greek hero Achilles lies in wait for the Trojan prince Troilos near a fountain house where Polyxena, Troilos' sister, fetches water. When Achilles attacks Troilos, Polyxena runs off, dropping her hydria (water jar). This cup shows Polyxena and Achilles on either side of the fountain house; Troilos may be the warrior running up from the other side.
Beazley, John D. 1971. Paralipomena: Additions to Attic Black-Figure Vase-Painters and to Attic Red-Figure Vase-Painters [2nd edition]. p. 285, Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Maffre, Jean-Jacques. 1975. "Collection Paul Canellopoulos (VIII)." Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique, Vol. 99: p. 496 n. 226.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981–1999. Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vols. 1-8. Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kossatz-Deissmann, Anneliese, Brigitte Servais-Soyez, Fulvio Canciani, Giovannangelo Camporeale, Hans Peter Isler, Ingrid Krauskopf, Odette Touchefeu-Meynier, Marcel Le Glay, and Dr. Jean-Charles Balty. 1981. Aara-Aphlad, Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae, Vol. 1. Achilleus, no. 235, Zürich: Artemis Verlag Zurich und Munchen.

Kilinski, Karl. 1990. Boeotian Black Figure Vase Painting of the Archaic Period. pp. 51, 58, pl. 36, 1, Mainz am Rhein: Von Zabern.

Schmidt, Gudrun. 2002. "Rabe und Krähe in der Antike : Studien zur archäologischen und literarischen Überlieferung. Ph.D. diss." Ph.D. Diss. p. 59, fig. 10. Reichert.

Avronidaki, Christina. 2015. "Hidden Pictures on a Boiotian Calyx Krater in Zurich." Hesperia, 84: p. 548 n. 53.

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