Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Marble votive relief dedicated to a hero

Period:
Late Classical
Date:
late 4th century B.C.
Culture:
Greek, Attic
Medium:
Marble
Dimensions:
Overall: 9 7/16 x 10 1/2 x 2in. (24 x 26.7 x 5.1cm)
Classification:
Stone Sculpture
Credit Line:
Gift of Joseph V. Noble, 1957
Accession Number:
57.42
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 158
Inscribed to the physician

A hero was a deceased person who exerted from his grave a power for good or evil and demanded appropriate honor. The cult was concentrated at the grave, which was marked off as a special precinct and known as a heroon. As with the Olympian gods, there were animal sacrifices and offering of food and libation. The principal cultic activity was a feast of the living in company with the dead hero and in his honor. Votive reliefs often show the hero, as here, reclining at such a meal and being approached by worshipers, shown in smaller scale.
Inscription: " to the physician"
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1958. "Greek Marble Sculptures." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 16 (6): pp. 187, 190.

Bodel, John P. and Stephen Tracy. 1997. Greek and Latin Inscriptions in the USA: A Checklist. p. 183, Rome: The American Academy in Rome.

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