Bearded herm heads, which surmounted rectangular pillars, were commonly placed as protectors of sanctuaries, crossroads, private houses, and public areas such as the Athenian Agora.
von Bothmer, Dietrich and René d'Harnoncourt. 1950. Greek, Etruscan, and Roman Antiquities: An Exhibition from the Collection of Walter Cummings Baker, Esq. no. 56, p. 10, pl. 18, New York: Walter Cummings Baker.
von Bothmer, Dietrich. 1961. Ancient Art from New York Private Collections: Catalogue of an Exhibition Held at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, December, 17, 1959-February 28, 1960. no. 108, p. 26, pl. 32, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.