Three hoplites (foot soldiers) between a man and a youth
The Greek heavy infantry fought shoulder to shoulder behind overlapping round shields. Here the shields of three hoplites dominate the composition and emphasize with their concentric rings the swelling roundness of this little pitcher.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1979. "One Hundred Ninth Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 1978 through June 30, 1979." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 109: p. 34.
Clark, Andrew. 1980. "The Earliest Known Chous by the Amasis Painter." Metropolitan Museum Journal, 15: pp. 35-38, 41, 43-49, figs. 1-4, 24.
von Bothmer, Dietrich and Alan L. Boegehold. 1985. The Amasis Painter and His World: Vase-Painting in Sixth-Century B.C. Athens. no. 33, pp. 49, 154-55, Malibu: J. Paul Getty Museum.
Brijder, Herman A. G. 1991. Siana Cups II: The Heidelberg Painter, Allard Pierson Series: Studies in Ancient Civilization, Vol. 8. p. 390, Amsterdam: Allard Pierson Museum.