When Hades, the god of the underworld, carried Persephone to his kingdom of the dead, Demeter, her mother, brought all growth on earth to a standstill until Persephone was allowed to return to the earth for part of each year. Since antiquity, this myth has been understood as an allegory for the seasonal cycle of vegetation.
Muscarella, Oscar White. 1974. Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection no. 44 bis, Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 1992. "Ancient Art: Gifts from The Norbert Schimmel Collection." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 49(4): p. 61, fig. 63.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 1993. "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1992-1993." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 51(2): p. 61.