By the second century A.D., Serapis had become one of the most popular deities in the Roman Empire. Many images of the god took the form of portable busts, suitable for dedication or for private worship. Silver busts of Serapis are mentioned in an inscription found in Rome, but this is apparently the only extant example. The modius (grain basket) always shown on the god’s head is now missing.
Said to be from Egypt (Galerie Georges Petit, 1925, p. 10, lot 7)
Until 1925, collection of Joseph Durighiello; June 20, 1925, purchased by A. De Nanteuil from Galerie Georges Petit, Paris; 1925-1966, collection of A. De Nanteuil; June 13, 1966, purchased by Jan Mitchell from Sotheby's, London; 1966-1991, collection of Jan Mitchell, New York; acquired in April 1991, gift of Jan Mitchell and sons, New York.
Galerie Georges Petit. June 20, 1925. Collection Joseph Durighiello. Catalogues des Objets d’art. Antiques Egyptiens, Grecs, Romains et autres,. lot 7, pl. ix.
Sotheby's, London. June 13, 1966. Highly Important Egyptian, Western Asiatic, Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities. lot 129.
Hornbostel, Wilhelm. 1973. Sarapis: Studien zur Überlieferungsgeschichte, den Erscheinungsformen und Wandlungen der Gestalt eines Gottes. p. 190 n 5, Leiden: Brill.
Oliver, Andrew Jr. and Kurt Luckner. 1977. Silver for the Gods: 800 Years of Greek and Roman Silver. no. 105
, Toledo, Ohio: Jutta-Annette Page.
Milleker, Elizabeth J. 1991. "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 1990-1991." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 49(2): p. 9.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1991. "One Hundred Twenty-first Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 1990 through June 30, 1991." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 121: p. 32.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 458, pp. 393, 495, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.