In Hellenistic and Roman times, vessels made in semiprecious stone were much sought after as symbols of wealth and sophistication. They were used as diplomatic gifts or treasured as heirlooms, and many of them found their way into royal tombs or imperial collections, both in antiquity and later. Their rarity also encouraged imitations in both glass and pottery.
[1970s – 2001, collection of Robin Symes, London]; acquired in 2001, purchased from Robin Symes.
2000. Hardstones from the Ancient World. no. 18.
Lightfoot, Christopher S. and Dr. Seán Hemingway. 2001. "Recent Acquisitions, A Selection: 2000-2001." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 59(2): p. 11.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2001. "One Hundred Thirty-first Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 2000 through June 30, 2001." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 131: p. 19.
Picón, Carlos A. 2007. Art of the Classical World in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: Greece, Cyprus, Etruria, Rome no. 393, pp. 338, 483, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Koeppe, Wolfram. 2008. Art of the Royal Court: Treasures in Pietre Dure from the Palaces of Europe no. 2, p. 105, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Picón, Carlos A. 2009. "Glass and Gold of the Hellenistic and Early Roman World." Philippe de Montebello and the Metropolitan Museum of Art: 1977-2008, James R. Houghton, ed. p. 17, New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.