The bowl is a typical example of plain Roman fineware pottery made at Arretium (modern Arezzo) in northern Italy. The vessels were mass produced and exported widely throughout the Roman world. Associated in particular with forts and other military sites, Arretine pottery was clearly very popular with soldiers serving on the frontiers of the Empire in northern Europe during the Julio-Claudian period. This bowl has in the center of the base a maker’s stamp in the shape of a footprint; it reads CORNELI (of Cornelius).
Oxé, August and Howard Comfort. 2000. Corpus Vasorum Arretinorum: A Catalogue of Signatures, Shapes, and Chronology of Italian Sigillata, 2nd ed.. CVArr. 612/12, p. 189, Bonn: Habelt.
Christie's, New York. 2002. Antiquities. June 12, 2002. lot 140, p. 91.
Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2003. "One Hundred Thirty-third Annual Report of the Trustees for the Fiscal Year July 1, 2002 through June 30, 2003." Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, 133: p. 23.