Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Weltrevolution

Artist:
Hannah Höch (German, Gotha 1889–1978 Berlin)
Date:
1920
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
13.3 x 9.9 cm (5 1/4 x 3 7/8 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Ford Motor Company Collection, Gift of Ford Motor Company and John C. Waddell, 1987
Accession Number:
1987.1100.132
Rights and Reproduction:
© 2016 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Not on view
This photograph reproduces a detail of Höch's large photomontage "Cut with the Kitchen Knife Dada through the Last Weimar Beer Belly Cultural Epoch". In it, Höch takes aim at the hypocrisies and moral bankruptcy of the Weimar Republic through the radical techniques of disorientation, negation, and disjunction.
This new, fragmented art of cut and pasted clippings from the mass media allowed the Dadaists, in the words of George Grosz, to say "in pictures what would have been banned by the censors." Here, Höch sets into motion a swirling, anarchic panoply of military leaders, crowds, spinning machine parts, cabaret dancers, and Dadaist pranksters; the work's engagement with the social praxis--in terms of both its subject and its construction--marks a decisive rupture with traditional bourgeois modes of expression. Höch often reworked her photomontages, and this image records a crucial revision in the image's development: the removal of the charged textual fragment "Weltrevolution" (World Revolution) and its replacement by the relatively innocuous "Die grosse Welt Dada" (Big Dada World).
Inscription: Inscribed in ink on print, verso, upper edge: "Hannah Höch. // Detail des Klebesbildes: // [in quotation marks] Schnitt mit dem Küchenmesser Dada durch die letzte Weimaer [sic] Bierbauchepoche // aus der Dada-Ausstellung // 1922 bei Otto Burchards, Lützow- // ufer."; inscribed in pencil on print, verso LC: "242"; inscribed in ink on print, verso LL to LR: "Foto favoritaci da IVO PANNAGGI // (con preghiere di restituzione) // 35. [covered by tape]"; inscribed in pencil on print, verso, LL: "HOECH 3"
Ivo Pannaggi; (sale, Christie's, New York, May 4, 1987, Lot #277, to Waddell); John C. Waddell

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 11," November 13, 1995–March 11, 1996.

Whitechapel Gallery. "Hannah Höch: Works on Paper," January 15, 2014–March 19, 2014.

New York. Neue Galerie. "Berlin Metropolis: 1918-1933," October 1, 2015–January 4, 2016.

Hambourg, Maria Morris. The New Vision: Photography between the World Wars, Ford Motor Company Collection at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1989. no. 71.

Ades, Dawn, Emily Butler, and Daniel Herrmann, ed. Hannah Höch. Munich: Whitechapel Gallery, 2014. p. 61.

Peters, Olaf, ed. Berlin Metropolis: 1918–1933. New York: Neue Galerie, 2015. no. 36, pp. 92, 372.



IG provides full description of elements of collage, in part derived from Jula Dech's 1981 publication; copies enclosed in cataloging worksheet. According to inscription verso, this photo depicts Höch's collage from the Dada exhibition at Otto Burchard's in 1922, which must refer to the "Erste Internationale Dada-Messe," held from July 25 to August 25, 1920, at the Berlin Kunstsalon of Otto Burchard; hence the date inscribed is probably wrong, unless 1922 is the date of the only change Höch made on this collage. Dech notes that Höch frequently continued work on collages but estimates that the change from "Weltrevolution" to "Die große Welt dada" in lower right quadrant was probably made in 1924 (p. 47). Note that MMA photo shows exactly this area of change, perhaps documenting it.
Related Objects

The Dream of His Life

Artist: Hannah Höch (German, Gotha 1889–1978 Berlin) Date: 1925 Medium: Cut and pasted hand-colored photographs and printed paper on paper Accession: 2007.49.49 On view in:Not on view

Call

Artist: Otto Steinert (German, 1915–1978) Date: 1950 Medium: Gelatin silver print Accession: 1991.1056 On view in:Not on view

Arbeitslos

Artist: August Sander (German, 1876–1964) Date: 1928 Medium: Gelatin silver print Accession: 1991.1232 On view in:Not on view

Untitled

Artist: Sigmar Polke (German, Olésnica (Oels) 1941–2010 Cologne) Date: 1975 Medium: Gelatin silver print Accession: 1992.5154 On view in:Not on view