Art/ Collection/ Art Object

The Town on the Hill, New Almaden

Artist:
Carleton E. Watkins (American, 1829–1916)
Date:
1863
Medium:
Albumen silver print from glass negative
Dimensions:
39.7 x 52.3 cm (15 5/8 x 20 9/16 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Purchase, The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Gift, through Joyce and Robert Menschel, 1989
Accession Number:
1989.1083
Not on view
Watkins, the consummate photographer of the American West, combined a virtuoso mastery of the difficult wet-plate negative process with a rigorous sense of pictorial structure. In 1863 he was hired to make a photographic survey of the quicksilver mining operations in New Almaden, near San Jose, California. Quicksilver—used to bond with, and weigh down, the finest particles of gold that might otherwise float away in the sluicing process—was essential to the gold-mining industry, and the mining of quicksilver itself became a profitable enterprise.

Watkins's clients hoped to use his photographs to convince potential investors of the promise of the New Almaden site. To this end Watkins made numerous stereographic views documenting minute details of the mining process as well as mammoth views that were meant to show the town to its best possible advantage. Capitalizing on the calm of the hazy early morning and a picturesque vantage point, Watkins portrayed the mining camp as a charming mountain village possessing an appealing tidiness and an air of perfect tranquility.
Inscription: Inscribed in ink on mount, recto, bottom right [below image]: "C.E. Watkins-"; inscribed in pencil on mount, recto, bottom right: "The Town on the Hill - New Almaden-"; bottom center: "CEW.253.X"; bottom right corner: "21024"
[Fraenkel Gallery, San Francisco]

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 2," May 4, 1993–October 3, 1993.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 14," September 9, 1996–December 9, 1996.

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. "Carleton Watkins: The Art of Perception," May 28, 1999–September 7, 1999.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Carleton Watkins: The Art of Perception," October 5, 1999–January 9, 2000.

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "Carleton Watkins: The Art of Perception," February 6, 2000–April 30, 2000.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Old Faces and Places: American Photographs, 1845-1870," February 3, 2004–April 25, 2004.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 44," August 29, 2006–January 7, 2007.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Framing a Century: Master Photographers, 1840–1940," June 3, 2008–September 1, 2008.

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