Albert Sands Southworth (American, West Fairlee, Vermont 1811–1894 Charlestown, Massachusetts)
Josiah Johnson Hawes (American, Wayland, Massachusetts 1808–1901 Crawford Notch, New Hampshire)
10.8 x 8.3 cm (4 1/4 x 3 1/4 in.)
Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937
Not on view
Inscription: Inscribed in pencil, verso, C: "Margaret Fuller"
Marking: Hallmark, TR: Scovill Mfg. Co. Extra (see Spirit of Fact #2, p. 151)
Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes; [Holman's Print Shop, Boston]; I.N. Phelps Stokes, New York, 1937
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Hawes-Stokes Collection of American Daguerreotypes by Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes," November 4, 1939–December 7, 1939.
Stokes, Isaac Newton Phelps. The Hawes-Stokes Collection of American Daguerreotypesby Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1939. fig. 19.
Moore, Charles LeRoy. "Two Partners in Boston: The Careers and Daguerreian Artistry of Albert Southworth and Josiah Hawes." Master's thesis, University of Michigan, 1975. no. 19.
Pfister, Harold Francis. Facing the Light: Historic American Portrait Daguerreotypes. Washington, D.C.: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, 1978. p. 137.
Romer, Grant B., and Brian Wallis, ed. Young America: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes. New York: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 2005. no. 162.
Probably a copy plate (possibly from an original by Plumbe Studio, New York, 1846; this sitting is referred to by Fuller in a letter to her brother, Richard Fuller, dated July 4, 1846 [Houghton Library, Harvard University]). An engraving of this portrait, credited to Plumbe, is reproduced as a frontispiece to Margaret Fuller, Woman in the Nineteenth Century, 2d ed. (Boston: J.P. Jewett 1855).
Biography: As an author, editor and journalist, Margaret Fuller (1810-1850) contributed significantly to women's rights, political reform, and the formulation of transcendentalism. In 1844, Fuller began writing for Horace Greeley's New York Tribune; as the first female foreign correspondent, she traveled to England, Scotland, Paris, and Italy. An ardent supporter of Italian revolution would liberate women and the working class. While in Rome she met Giovanni Angelo Ossoli, with whom she had a son in 1848. When the revolution was quelled and the pope restored to power, Fuller, Ossoli, and their young son fled to Florence. She decided to return to America with her family, but on July 19, the three drowned when their ship hit a sandbar off the coast of New York. According to Greeley, Fuller's Woman in the Nineteenth Century (1845) was "the loftiest and most commanding assertion yet made of the right of Woman to be regarded and treated as an independent, intelligent, rational being, entitled to an equal voice in framing and modifying the laws she is required to obey, and in controlling and disposing of the property she has inherited or aided to acquire..."