Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes; [Holman's Print Shop, Boston]; I.N. Phelps Stokes, New York, 1937
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Hawes-Stokes Collection of American Daguerreotypes by Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes," November 4, 1939–December 7, 1939.
Moore, Charles LeRoy. "Two Partners in Boston: The Careers and Daguerreian Artistry of Albert Southworth and Josiah Hawes." Master's thesis, University of Michigan, 1975. no. 37.
Pfister, Harold Francis. Facing the Light: Historic American Portrait Daguerreotypes. Washington, D.C.: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, 1978. no. 85A, p. 317.
Romer, Grant B., and Brian Wallis, ed. Young America: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes. New York: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 2005. no. 156.
Probably a copy plate, possibly from an original by Jesse Whitehurst (1820-1875); see Pfister 1978, pp 317-18, nos. 85D, 85e
Biography: Millard Fillmore (1800-1874) worked his way up through the Whig Party, and in 1848 was selected as Zachary Taylor's running mate. It was thought that the self-made candidate from New York would complement Taylor, a slave-holding military man from the South, but instead Taylor opposed the extension of slavery into the western territories, while Filmore threw in with the Compromisers. When Taylor died in office in 1850, Fillmore became president and announced his support for the Compromise of 1850; he also signed the Fugitive Slave Act. In 1856, he was the presidential candidate of the Know Nothing (or American) Party, but lost the election. Throughout the Civil War, Fillmore opposed President Lincoln and during Reconstruction supported President Johnson.