Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Daniel Webster

Photography Studio:
Southworth and Hawes (American, active 1843–1863)
Artist:
Albert Sands Southworth (American, West Fairlee, Vermont 1811–1894 Charlestown, Massachusetts)
Artist:
Josiah Johnson Hawes (American, Wayland, Massachusetts 1808–1901 Crawford Notch, New Hampshire)
Date:
ca. 1850
Medium:
Daguerreotype
Dimensions:
21.5 x 16.6 cm (8 7/16 x 6 9/16 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937
Accession Number:
37.14.2
Not on view
Daniel Webster (1782-1852) was one of nineteenth-century America's most imposing figures, a statesman and orator of staggering power and erudition. He sat for this portrait just one month before his controversial speech in support of the Compromise of 1850, which allowed fugitive slaves to be returned to their owners, a stance which subsequently contributed to Webster's political downfall. Southworth & Hawes' monumental depiction seems to embody Carlyle's opinion that "as a logic fencer, advocate, or parliamentary Hercules, one would incline to back [Webster] at first sight against all the extant world."
Inscription: Inscribed in pencil, verso: "Original"

Marking: Hallmark TR: Doublé / J.P. [see Spirit of Fact #9, p. 153]
Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes; [Holman's Print Shop, Boston]; I.N. Phelps Stokes, New York

In interviews later in life, Josiah Hawes always maintained that Webster posed for this portrait before delivering his Revere House speech. The date repeated in the literature is April 22, 1850. The actual date of the speech was April 22, 1851. Webster had been denied the use of Faneuil Hall for a meeting, so the enraged Secratery of State spoke from his hotel balcony at the Revere House, not far from the Southworth & Hawes studio. The famous speech defended Webster's compromise position on the Fugitive Slave Law , and included the famous line "Union, union, union-Now and forever!"
Related Objects

Lemuel Shaw

Artist: Southworth and Hawes (American, active 1843–1863) Date: ca. 1850 Medium: Daguerreotype Accession: 38.34 On view in:Not on view

[View Down Brattle Street from the Southworth & Hawes Studio at 5 1/2 Tremont Row, Boston]

Artist: Southworth and Hawes (American, active 1843–1863) Date: 1855 Medium: Daguerreotype Accession: 37.14.3 On view in:Gallery 850

[Hiram Powers's Sculpture of the Greek Slave]

Artist: Unknown (American) Date: ca. 1850 Medium: Daguerreotype Accession: 2005.100.361 On view in:Not on view

[Cornelius Conway Felton with His Hat and Coat]

Artist: John Adams Whipple (American, 1822–1891) Date: early 1850s Medium: Daguerreotype Accession: 1997.382.41 On view in:Not on view

Horace Mann

Artist: Southworth and Hawes (American, active 1843–1863) Date: ca. 1850 Medium: Daguerreotype Accession: 37.14.25 On view in:Not on view