Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Miss Hodges of Salem

Photography Studio:
Southworth and Hawes (American, active 1843–1863)
Artist:
Albert Sands Southworth (American, West Fairlee, Vermont 1811–1894 Charlestown, Massachusetts)
Artist:
Josiah Johnson Hawes (American, Wayland, Massachusetts 1808–1901 Crawford Notch, New Hampshire)
Date:
ca. 1850
Medium:
Daguerreotype
Dimensions:
21.6 x 16.5 cm (8 1/2 x 6 1/2 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937
Accession Number:
37.14.20
Not on view
This first photographic process, invented by Louis Daguerre (1798-1851), spread rapidly around the world after its public presentation in Paris in 1839. Exposed in a camera obscura and developed in mercury vapors, each highly polished silver plate is a one-of-a-kind photograph that, viewed in proper light, exhibits extraordinary detail and three-dimensionality. The Boston partnership of Southworth and Hawes produced the finest portrait daguerreotypes in America for a clientele that included leading political, intellectual, and artistic figures. Nothing is known today about Miss Hodges, but Southworth and Hawes made two costly whole-plate portraits of her for their studio collection, suggesting that she was sufficiently well known – or sufficiently photogenic – to warrant displaying her likeness in the front-room public gallery.
Inscription: Inscribed in pencil, verso: "Miss Hodges of Salem"

Marking: Hallmark, BL: Doublé / J.P. (see Spirit of Fact #9, p. 153)
Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, or Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes; [Holman's Print Shop, Boston]; I.N. Phelps Stokes, New York, 1937

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Hawes-Stokes Collection of American Daguerreotypes by Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes," November 4, 1939–December 7, 1939.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 16," March 17, 1997–June 9, 1997.

International Center of Photography. "Young America: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes," June 17, 2005–September 4, 2005.

George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film. "Young America: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes," October 1, 2005–January 8, 2006.

Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy. "Young America: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes," January 28, 2006–April 9, 2006.

Moore, Charles LeRoy. "Two Partners in Boston: The Careers and Daguerreian Artistry of Albert Southworth and Josiah Hawes." Master's thesis, University of Michigan, 1975. no. 129.

Wood, John, ed. The Daguerreotype: A Sesquicentennial Celebration. 1st ed. Iowa City: University of Iowa Press, 1989. no. 35.

Romer, Grant B., and Brian Wallis, ed. Young America: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes. New York: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 2005. no. 190.



A cash book in the GEH manuscript collection records a visit to the Southworth & Hawes studio by a "Miss Hodges" on October 23, 1848. Nothing is known today about Miss Hodges, but Southworth & Hawes made two costly whole-plate portraits of her for their studio collection, suggesting that she was sufficently well known - or sufficently photogenic - to warrant displaying her likeness in the front-room gallery.
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