Art/ Collection/ Art Object

John Quincy Adams

Photography Studio:
Southworth and Hawes (American, active 1843–1863)
Artist:
Albert Sands Southworth (American, West Fairlee, Vermont 1811–1894 Charlestown, Massachusetts)
Artist:
Josiah Johnson Hawes (American, Wayland, Massachusetts 1808–1901 Crawford Notch, New Hampshire)
Artist:
After Philip Haas (American)
Date:
ca. 1850
Medium:
Daguerreotype
Dimensions:
12.0 x 9.0 cm (4 3/4 x 3 9/16 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937
Accession Number:
37.14.34
Not on view
Marking: Hallmark [said to be present in Newhall article, but not visible at present due to the case]: Scovill Mfg. Co.
Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes; [Holman's Print Shop, Boston]; I.N. Phelps Stokes, New York, 1937

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Hawes-Stokes Collection of American Daguerreotypes by Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes," November 4, 1939–December 7, 1939.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Camera and the Photograph: Images in Light," November 17, 1984–January 1, 1985.

Museum of Modern Art, New York. "American Politicians," October 4, 1994–January 3, 1995.

San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. "American Politicians," April 27, 1995–June 25, 1995.

Corcoran Gallery of Art. "American Politicians," July 14, 1995–September 4, 1995.

Stokes, Isaac Newton Phelps. The Hawes-Stokes Collection of American Daguerreotypesby Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1939. fig. 9.

Oliver, Andrew. "An Antiques Book Review: Portraits of John Quincy Adams and His Wife." The Magazine Antiques 98, no. 5 (November 1970). pp. 134–35.

Oliver, Andrew. Portraits of John Quincy Adams and His Wife. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1970. pp. 282–85.

Rudisill, Richard. Mirror Image: The Influence of the Daguerreotype on American Society. 1st ed. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1971. p. 325.

Moore, Charles LeRoy. "Two Partners in Boston: The Careers and Daguerreian Artistry of Albert Southworth and Josiah Hawes." Master's thesis, University of Michigan, 1975. no. 35.

Newhall, Beaumont. "Daguerreotype of John Quincy Adams by Philip Haas." Metropolitan Museum Journal 12 (1977). pp. 151–54.

Marder, William, Estelle Marder, and Sally Pierce. "Phillip Haas: Lithographer, Print Publisher and Daguerreotypist." The Daguerreian Annual (1995). p. 23, fig. 4.

Moore, Charles LeRoy. "Expression: The Soul of the Daguerreotype." The Daguerreian Annual (1997). fig. 12.

Romer, Grant B., and Brian Wallis, ed. Young America: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes. New York: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 2005. no. 82, p. 13, fig. 12.



This is apparently a copy by Southworth & Hawes of a lost original daguerreotype by Phillip Haas (active 1839-57), ca. 1843. Oliver (1970a) discusses the Metropolitan Museum dagurreotype as by Southworth & Hawes and two related prints that clearly attribute it to Haas. Marder and Pierce (1995) correct the attribution of the Metropolitan's piece to Haas and describe it as a copy. Newhall (1977) describes a related plate signed by Haas, which Newhall donated to the Metropolitan Musem.

Biography: Son of President John Adams and Abigal Smith, John Quincy Adams (1776-1848) was born into a life of public service. In 1802, the Massachusetts legislature appointed him to the U.S. Senate. As secretary of state (1817-25) under James Monroe, he played a major role in formulating the Monroe Doctrine. In his bid for the presidency in 1824, he lost both the popular and electoral vote; however, as no candidate managed to secure a majority, the outcome was decided by the House of Representatives, which elected Adams. Opposed by the Democrats throughout his term, in 1828 he was defeated by Andrew Jackson in one of the most vicious presidential campaigns in American history. Adams rebounded in 1830, winning a seat in Congress on the anti-Masonic Party ticket. In 1841, he argued successfully before the Supreme court to win freedom for fifty-three slave mutineers aboard the Spainish ship Amistad. He served nine consecutive terms as a congressman, until his death in 1848, earning the nickname "Old Man Eloquent" for his magnificent antislavery speeches.
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