Art/ Collection/ Art Object

James Freeman Clarke

Photography Studio:
Southworth and Hawes (American, active 1843–1863)
Artist:
Albert Sands Southworth (American, West Fairlee, Vermont 1811–1894 Charlestown, Massachusetts)
Artist:
Josiah Johnson Hawes (American, Wayland, Massachusetts 1808–1901 Crawford Notch, New Hampshire)
Date:
ca. 1850
Medium:
Daguerreotype
Dimensions:
14.0 x 10.8 cm (5 1/2 x 4 1/4 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937
Accession Number:
37.14.43
Not on view
Marking: Hallmark, BL: Scovill Mfg. Co. / Extra [see Spirit of Fact (Sobieszek and Appel, 1976) #2, p. 151]
Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes; [Holman's Print Shop, Boston]; I.N. Phelps Stokes, New York, 1937

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Hawes-Stokes Collection of American Daguerreotypes by Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes," November 4, 1939–December 7, 1939.

Moore, Charles LeRoy. "Two Partners in Boston: The Careers and Daguerreian Artistry of Albert Southworth and Josiah Hawes." Master's thesis, University of Michigan, 1975. no. 98.

Sobieszek, Robert A., and Odette M. Appel. The Spirit of Fact: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes, 1843–1862. Rochester: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 1976.

Romer, Grant B., and Brian Wallis, ed. Young America: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes. New York: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 2005. no. 124.



Biography: Unitarian minister, abolitionist, and member of the Trancendentalist Club, James Freeman Clarke (1810-1888) spread transcendentalist teachings to the West, moving to Kentucky upon graduation from the Harvard Divinity School and founding the Western Messenger, the earliest transcendentalist periodical. After returning to Boston, he helped establish the Church of Disciples in 1841. Clarke and his peers, including Ralph Waldo Emerson, Margaret Fuller, and Ephraim Peabody, expanded the scope and role of transcendental thought and Unitarianism in the nineteenth century.
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