Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Charlotte Saunders Cushman and Susan Cushman

Photography Studio:
Southworth and Hawes (American, active 1843–1863)
Artist:
Albert Sands Southworth (American, West Fairlee, Vermont 1811–1894 Charlestown, Massachusetts)
Artist:
Josiah Johnson Hawes (American, Wayland, Massachusetts 1808–1901 Crawford Notch, New Hampshire)
Date:
ca. 1850
Medium:
Daguerreotype
Dimensions:
21.6 x 16.5 cm (8 1/2 x 6 1/2 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937
Accession Number:
37.14.49
Not on view
Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes; [Holman's Print Shop, Boston]; I.N. Phelps Stokes, New York, 1937

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Hawes-Stokes Collection of American Daguerreotypes by Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes," November 4, 1939–December 7, 1939.

George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film. "The Spirit of Fact: The Daguerreotype of Southworth & Hawes, 1843–1862," February 1976–June 1976.

National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution. "The Spirit of Fact: The Daguerreotype of Southworth & Hawes, 1843–1862," July 1976–December 1976.

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "The Spirit of Fact: The Daguerreotype of Southworth & Hawes, 1843–1862," January 1977–February 1977.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 15," December 9, 1996–March 9, 1997.

Moore, Charles LeRoy. "Two Partners in Boston: The Careers and Daguerreian Artistry of Albert Southworth and Josiah Hawes." Master's thesis, University of Michigan, 1975. no. 47.

Sobieszek, Robert A., and Odette M. Appel. The Spirit of Fact: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes, 1843–1862. Rochester: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 1976. no. 61.

Pfister, Harold Francis. Facing the Light: Historic American Portrait Daguerreotypes. Washington, D.C.: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, 1978. no. 60F, p. 309.

Romer, Grant B., and Brian Wallis, ed. Young America: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes. New York: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 2005. no. 136.



Apparently taken at the same sitting as the following two plates. For related images of Cushman, see Pfister 1978, pp. 309-10.

Biography:
American actress Charolette Cushman (1916-1876) made a reputation for herself by playing both male and female roles, most famously as the prostitute Nancy Skyes in Oliver Twist and Romeo in Romeo and Juliet. After performing in cities across the United States, Cushman headed to London in the mid 1840s and was recognized as one of the greatest actresses of her time. There she met Matilda Hays, author and British translator of George Sand, who was breifly her romantic partner on stage and continued to be her lover for over ten years. The couple left London and lived in the U.S. for a few years before retiring to Rome in 1852, where they enjoyed the company of other female writers and artists, including Grace Greenwood, Harriet Hosmer, Mary Edmonia Lewis and Emma Stebbins.
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