Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Dr. John Collins Warren

Photography Studio:
Southworth and Hawes (American, active 1843–1863)
Artist:
Albert Sands Southworth (American, West Fairlee, Vermont 1811–1894 Charlestown, Massachusetts)
Artist:
Josiah Johnson Hawes (American, Wayland, Massachusetts 1808–1901 Crawford Notch, New Hampshire)
Date:
ca. 1850
Medium:
Daguerreotype
Dimensions:
21.6 x 16.5 cm (8 1/2 x 6 1/2 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Gift of I. N. Phelps Stokes, Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, 1937
Accession Number:
37.14.54
Not on view
Marking: Hallmark, BL: No 40 [see Spirit of Fact (Sobieszek and Appel, 1976) #14, p. 154]
Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes, or Edward S. Hawes, Alice Mary Hawes, and Marion Augusta Hawes; [Holman's Print Shop, Boston]; I.N. Phelps Stokes, New York, 1937

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Hawes-Stokes Collection of American Daguerreotypes by Albert Sands Southworth and Josiah Johnson Hawes," November 4, 1939–December 7, 1939.

Sobieszek, Robert A., and Odette M. Appel. The Spirit of Fact: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes, 1843–1862. Rochester: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 1976.

Romer, Grant B., and Brian Wallis, ed. Young America: The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes. New York: George Eastman House International Museum of Photography and Film, 2005. no. 337.



Warren probably commissioned and is featured in several daguerreotypes of operations using ether.

Biography:
Physician John Collins Warren (1778-1856) assumed the Hersey Professorship of Anatomy and Surgery at Harvard Medical School in 1815. Along with James Jackson, he was a founder of the first medical journal in New England as well as of Massachusetts General Hospital, where he served as the first surgeon. He was also the first dean of the Harvard Medical School. He donated his collection of anatomical and pathalogical specimens to the school in 1847, forming the Warren Anatomical Museum. In 1846, he introduced the use of ether in surgical operations. Warren's support for -and willingness to sponsor public demonstrations of-the new procedure led to its adoption by the profession.
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