Alfred Stieglitz (American, Hoboken, New Jersey 1864–1946 New York)
1893, printed 1913 or before
25.5 x 33.5 cm (10 1/16 x 13 3/16 in.)
Alfred Stieglitz Collection, 1949
Not on view
As proprietor of the Little Galleries of the Photo-Secession and publisher of the photographic journals Camera Notes and later Camera Work, Stieglitz was a major force in the promotion and elevation of photography as a fine art in America in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. His own photographs had an equally revolutionary impact on the advancement of the medium. Stieglitz took this picture using a small 4 x 5" camera, an instrument not considered at the time to be worthy of artistic photography. Unlike the unwieldy 8 x 10" view camera (which required a tripod), this camera gave Stieglitz greater freedom and mobility to roam the city and respond quickly to the everchanging street life around him. The Terminal predicts by over a decade the radical transformation of the medium from painterly prints of rarified subjects to what the critic Sadakichi Hartmann dubbed "straight photography." This new photography would take as its subject matter the quotidian aspects of modern, urban life, using only techniques that are unique to the medium.
Inscription: Inscribed in pencil on mount, recto LR: "128C"
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 11," November 13, 1995–March 11, 1996.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Stieglitz, Steichen, Strand," November 8, 2010–April 10, 2011.
Lynn Zelevansky, Carnegie Museum of Art. "Impressionism in a New Light: From Monet to Stieglitz," May 12, 2012–August 26, 2012.
Stieglitz, Alfred, ed. Camera Work: A Photographic Quarterly 36 (October 1911). p. 61.
Greenough, Sarah. Alfred Stieglitz: The Key Set. Vol. 2. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C., 2002. no. 94.
This gravure was made from an enlarged copy negative. (Bry number: 128C). Note: this print is cropped differently from the two other in prints in the collection from the same negative: 49.55.6 and 58.577.11
This photograph was taken the day after "Winter on Fifth Avenue" on February 23, 1893 at the Third Avenue and Madison Avenue car system terminal by the Old Post Office. (Greenough)