Signed Etchu no kami Fujiwara Takahira (Japanese, active early 17th century)
dated June 1622
L. 36 1/2 in. (92.8 cm); L. of cutting edge 28 1/16 in. (71.5 cm); D. of curvature 1 in. (1.5 cm)
Gift of Etsuko O. Morris and John H. Morris Jr., in memory of Dr. Frederick M. Pederson, 2007
Not on view
Kanewaka was the most famous swordsmith of Kaga (now in Ishikawa Prefecture) during the Shinto (new sword) period, which spanned 200 years, from the late sixteenth to the late eighteenth century. Sometime between making a sword dated September 18, 1619, and his next recorded sword, dated January 1621, Kanewaka began signing his blades with the name Takahira and including two important titles granted him by the emperor. This is seen in the signature on the Museum's sword: Echu no kami Fujiwara no Takahira (Takahira, Honorary Governor of Echu, Honorary Member of the Fujiwara Family).
In forging the surface texture of blades he signed Kanewaka, the swordsmith favored a mixture of two patterns: itame (wood grain) and masame (straight grain). His later blades signed Takahira, of which this is among the most beautiful, show a change to the koitame pattern, a small, finely patterned wood-grain effect. The pattern of the temper line along the edge of the blade is also a key stylistic feature. Here Takahira chose an oblique clove-shaped pattern with mixed zigzag lines influenced by blades from the Mino and Aoe schools of the mid-fourteenth century to create a temper line that is one of the most attractive on his known works.
Inscription: Inscribed on the tang of the blade, on the obverse: 越中守藤原高平 (Etchū no Kami Fujiwara no Takahira) (Fujiwara no Takahira, the Governor of Etchū Province); on the reverse: 元和八年六月日 (Genna hachi-nen roku-gatsu hi) (Eight year of Genna , sixth month, day).
Etsuko O. Morris and John H. Morris, Jr., Fla. (until 2007; their gift to MMA).