Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Arles, Cloitre St. Trophime

Artist:
Édouard Baldus (French, born Prussia, 1813–1889)
Date:
ca. 1861
Medium:
Albumen silver print from glass negative
Dimensions:
Image: 33.2 x 42.5 cm (13 1/16 x 16 3/4 in.) Mount: 46 x 60.5 cm (18 1/8 x 23 13/16 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Gilman Collection, Gift of The Howard Gilman Foundation, 2005
Accession Number:
2005.100.364.46
Not on view
The twelfth-century cloister of the Church of Saint-Trophîme in Arles, noted for its richly carved capitals, ranks among the most important examples of French medieval architecture, and was among the sites that Baldus first photographed on his 1851 "mission héliographique." In the context of the "Paris-Lyon-Méditerranée" album, this picture's tunneling perspective and the repetition of arches link the famous cloister to the achievements of Second Empire engineers--to the railroad tunnels and arched viaducts that are presented in a similar fashion elsewhere in the volume.
Proper exposure of a scene that included both shadowed interior and sunlit exterior presented a difficult task. Careful scrutiny of the print reveals that Baldus used thin tissue overlays on the most transparent sections of the glass negative so as not to lose all detail in the darkest parts of the print. In addition, light washes of watercolor or ink were used to give tone to some of the lightest areas and to define the cloister colonnade.
Inscription: Printed in ink on mount, recto BL below image: "ARLES. CLOITRE St TROPHIME"; fascimile signature stamped in ink on mount, recto BR below image: "E. Baldus"
Édouard Baldus; [...]; Claudine Van der Vliet; [Galerie Texbraun, Paris]; Gilman Paper Company Collection, New York, June 13, 1985

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Landscapes by French Artists, 1780-1880," November 17, 1987–February 14, 1988.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," May 25, 1993–July 4, 1993.

Edinburgh International Festival, Edinburgh, Scotland. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," August 7, 1993–October 2, 1993.

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," June 19, 1994–September 11, 1994.

New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Edouard Baldus," October 3, 1994–December 31, 1994.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Masterpieces of Photography from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," February 26, 1999–May 23, 1999.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Framing a Century: Master Photographers, 1840–1940," June 3, 2008–September 1, 2008.

Hambourg, Maria Morris, Pierre Apraxine, Malcolm Daniel, Virginia Heckert, and Jeff L. Rosenheim. The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993. no. 47.

Daniel, Malcolm. The Photographs of Edouard Baldus. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1994. no. 1, 80.



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