Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Temple of Wingless Victory, Lately Restored

Artist:
George Wilson Bridges (British, 1788–1864)
Date:
1848
Medium:
Paper negative
Dimensions:
Image: 16.7 x 20.6 cm (6 9/16 x 8 1/8 in.)
Classification:
Negatives
Credit Line:
Gilman Collection, Purchase, William Talbott Hillman Foundation Gift, 2005
Accession Number:
2005.100.55
Not on view
An Oxford-educated Englishman, the Reverend George Bridges lived comfortably in Jamaica until his wife abandoned him and his six daughters drowned in a boating accident. Thereafter Bridges and his son, William, traveled to Canada and the Mediterranean before returning in 1843 to England, where William enlisted in the Navy and Bridges took a curate's position in Gloucestershire. Bridges met Henry Talbot through a mutual friend in 1846 and took instruction in photography in preparation for further travel.
From 1846 to 1852, Bridges followed his son's ship around the Mediterranean from Malta to Sicily, Athens, Egypt, Algeria, Palestine, Constantinople, and Italy, producing some seventeen hundred negatives, many of them the earliest extant photographs of the sites. As Bridges never managed to print adequately from the negatives and his plans for publication came to naught, the important contribution of this early prolific practitioner and "wayworn wanderer," as he described himself, remains virtually unknown.
Ten years before this negative was made, photography did not exist; five years before, the temple it depicts did not exist. When Bridges arrived at the Acropolis, the Temple of Athena Nike had only just been reconstructed from the rubble of the Turkish bastion. First erected in 424 b.c., the beautifully proportioned little temple was dedicated to Wingless Victory, who, as described by Pausanias, had no wings in order that she might permanently reside in Periclean Athens. The British soldier lounging proprietarily on the steps of her former home is probably William Bridges.
Inscription: Titled, dated and monogrammed "B" by Bridges in ink, verso
Harold White Collection; [Hans P. Kraus, Jr., New York]; Gilman Paper Company Collection, New York, January 21, 1988

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," May 25, 1993–July 4, 1993.

Edinburgh International Festival, Edinburgh, Scotland. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," August 7, 1993–October 2, 1993.

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," June 19, 1994–September 11, 1994.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 40," April 19, 2005–July 10, 2005.

Schaaf, Larry J. Sun Pictures, Catalogue Four: The Harold White Collection of Historical Photographs from the Circle of Talbot. Sun Pictures. New York: Hans P. Kraus Jr. Fine Photographs, 1987. no. 7, p. 11.

Hambourg, Maria Morris, Pierre Apraxine, Malcolm Daniel, Virginia Heckert, and Jeff L. Rosenheim. The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993. no. 70.



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