Art/ Collection/ Art Object

[The Nile in front of the Theban Hills]

Artist:
John Beasley Greene (American, active France, 1832–1856)
Date:
1853–54
Medium:
Salted paper print from paper negative
Dimensions:
Mount: 18 7/16 × 24 1/8 in. (46.9 × 61.2 cm) Image: 8 3/4 × 11 7/8 in. (22.3 × 30.2 cm)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Gilman Collection, Purchase, The Horace W. Goldsmith Foundation Gift, through Joyce and Robert Menschel, 2005
Accession Number:
2005.100.63
Not on view
John Greene was an archaeologist, the well-to-do son of a banker from Boston who lived in Paris, and a photographer. By 1853 the twenty-one-year-old Greene had learned to use Le Gray's waxed-paper process, the technique of choice for traveling Frenchmen. That same year he made the first of two expeditions to Egypt and Nubia, bringing back more than two hundred negatives of monuments and landscapes, some ninety-four of which, printed by Blanquart-Evrard in 1854, comprise the album "Le Nil, monuments, paysages, explorations photographiques par J. B. Greene." So rare are these albums that we assume that Greene published them at his own expense. On his second trip, in 1854-55, he not only photographed but also excavated, especially at Medinet-Habou. During an archaeological and photographic expedition to Algeria the following winter, this exceptionally talented young man died of an undisclosed illness.
Greene's Egyptian landscapes are startlingly barren. Coalescing from large, softly nuanced tonal planes, the views seem to shimmer above the page almost to the point of evaporating, like distant desert mirages. Generally, Greene placed the geological or archaeological structure of these pictures at a distance, surrounded by sand and sky. This, the most minimal of his visions, sums up the Egyptian landscape. Stretching between the great river and the endless expanse of sky, and between the great river and the desert, is a thin band of fertile earth--the ligament of life that gave rise to a great civilization. That the picture functions like a diagram may owe to Greene's knowledge of hieroglyphics; the Egyptian pictograph for "country" is a flat, floating disk, hardly more than a horizontal line.
This photograph and no. 89 were not printed by Blanquart-Evrard, but, it would seem, by the photographer himself.
Inscription: Blindstamp on mount, recto TRC: BRISTOL FRANCAIS// [crown] // A. BINANT // A PARIS; Inscribed in pencil on mount, verso BRC: "P 37"
D'Allemagne, Paris; [Oltremare S.A. (Gérard Lévy)]; Gilman Paper Company Collection, New York, January 6, 1989

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," May 25, 1993–July 4, 1993.

Edinburgh International Festival, Edinburgh, Scotland. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," August 7, 1993–October 2, 1993.

National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection," June 19, 1994–September 11, 1994.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Along the Nile: Early Photographs of Egypt," September 11, 2001–December 30, 2001.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Master Photographs from the Gilman Collection: A Landmark Acquisition," June 28, 2005–September 6, 2005.

Hambourg, Maria Morris, Pierre Apraxine, Malcolm Daniel, Virginia Heckert, and Jeff L. Rosenheim. The Waking Dream: Photography's First Century, Selections from the Gilman Paper Company Collection. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1993. no. 67.



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