Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Alabama Tenant Farmer Wife

Artist:
Walker Evans (American, St. Louis, Missouri 1903–1975 New Haven, Connecticut)
Date:
1936
Medium:
Gelatin silver print
Dimensions:
20.9 x 14.4 cm (8 1/4 x 5 11/16 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Purchase, 2000 Benefit Fund, 2001
Accession Number:
2001.415
Rights and Reproduction:
© Walker Evans Archive, The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Not on view
Walker Evans made the vast majority of his Hale County photographs in and around the four-room cabin of Floyd and Allie Mae Burroughs, where he and James Agee lived on and off for several weeks in August 1936. The family owned nothing-not their home, land, mule, or farm tools, all of which they leased from their landlord. Burroughs was a cotton "sharecropper" or "halver"; at harvest time, he had to give his landlord half his cotton and corn crop, and pay off any other debts incurred during the year for food, seed, fertilizer, and medicine. In 1935, the family had ended the year $12 in debt.

Evans made four photographs of Allie Mae Burroughs against the rear wall of the family's cabin. Although compositionally similar, they record distinct facial expressions ranging from bemused cooperation to brooding anger and resentment-moods conveyed by a slight tilt of the head, the furrows around the eyes, the angle of the pursed mouth. In 1938, Evans selected for his seminal publication, American Photographs, the negative that shows Allie Mae at her most content, welcoming, and accessible. But in Let Us Now Praise Famous Men, Evans presented a more closed and irritated Allie Mae, a troubled victim of both the Depression and the camera's burrowing eye. It is this portrait, with the psychological ambiguity of a Mona Lisa, which was seized upon by early reviewers as the book's quintessential image.
Inscription: Numerous publishers' stamps and inscriptions in ink and pencil, verso OA
Mora, Gilles, and John T. Hill. Walker Evans: The Hungry Eye. New York: H. N. Abrams, 1993. p. 202 (right).



See 1994.258.425 for the negative from which this print was made. For variant titled "Allie Mae Burroughs, Wife of A Cotton Sharecropper, Hale County, Alabama", see Library of Congress LC-USF342-8139A
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