William Henry Fox Talbot (British, Dorset 1800–1877 Lacock)
1858 or later
Photogravure (photoglyphic engraving from a copper plate)
Sheet: 15.1 x 11.3 cm (5 15/16 x 4 7/16 in.)
Plate: 12.5 x 9.4 cm (4 15/16 x 3 11/16 in.)
Image: 10.5 x 7.6 cm (4 1/8 x 3 in.)
Rogers Fund, 2004
Not on view
This experimental proof is a fine example of the capacity of Talbot's "photoglyphic engraving" to produce photographic results that could be printed on a press, using printer's ink-a more permanent process than photographs made with light and chemicals. Like Talbot's earliest photographic examples, the image here was photographically transferred to the copper engraving plate by laying the seeds directly on the photosensitized plate and exposing it to light, without the aid of a camera. Equally reminiscent of Talbot's early experiments, this image is part of Talbot's lifelong effort to apply his various photographic inventions to the field of botany. In a letter tipped into the Bertoloni Album, Talbot wrote, "Je crois que ce nouvel art de mon invention sera d'un grand secours aux Botanistes" ("I think that my newly invented art will be a great help to botanists"). Such uses were still prominent in Talbot's thinking years later when developing his photogravure process; he noted in 1863 that "if this art [of photoglyphic engraving] had been invented a hundred years ago, it would have been very useful during the infancy of botany." Had early botanists been able to print fifty copies of each engraving, he continued, and had they sent them to distant colleagues, "it would have greatly aided modern botanists in determining the plants intended by those authors, whose descriptions are frequently so incorrect that they are like so many enigmas, and have proved a hindrance and not an advantage to science."
[...]; Marie-Thérèse and André Jammes, Paris; [Hans P. Kraus, Jr. Fine Photographs, New York, 1993]
Art Institute of Chicago. "Niepce to Atget, The First Century of Photography, from the Collection of André Jammes," October 16, 1977–January 15, 1978.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Framing a Century: Master Photographers, 1840–1940," June 3, 2008–September 1, 2008.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Johnson Gallery, Selections from the Collection 55," December 13, 2010–April 4, 2011.
Jammes, Marie-Thérèse and André. Niepce to Atget: The First Century of Photography: From the Collection of André Jammes. Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1977. no. 8, p. 15.
Schaaf, Larry J. Sun Pictures, Catalogue Twelve: Talbot and Photogravure. Sun Pictures. New York: Hans P. Kraus Jr. Fine Photographs, 2003. no. 30, pp. 44-45.
The copper plate from which this print was made is in the collection of the National Museum of Photography, Film, and Television, Bradford (NMPFT 1937-0471.) No other impressions of this image are known.