Art/ Collection/ Art Object

The Shirt of the Emperor, Worn during His Execution

Artist:
François Aubert (French, 1829–1906)
Date:
1867
Medium:
Albumen silver print from glass negative
Dimensions:
Image: 22.2 × 15.8 cm (8 3/4 × 6 1/4 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Gilman Collection, Gift of The Howard Gilman Foundation, 2005
Accession Number:
2005.100.213
Not on view
This grisly photograph depicts the bullet-riddled shirt of the Austrian Archduke Maximilian I, who was appointed Emperor of Mexico by Napoleon III in 1864. Maximilian's puppet regime lasted only three years; when the French army withdrew from Mexico in 1867, he was captured, tried, and executed by the nationalist supporters of Benito Juarez. Aubert, a French photographer working in Mexico, photographed Maximilian's corpse and clothing, producing a sensational and somewhat gruesome record of the execution and the politically charged relics of the slain emperor.
Inscription: No inscriptions or annotations visible
François Aubert; [...]; [Lunn Gallery, Washington D.C.]; Gilman Paper Company Collection, New York, May 18, 1982

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Sight Unseen: Photographs from the Gilman Collection".

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "WAR/PHOTOGRAPHY: Photographs of Armed Conflict and its Aftermath," November 11, 2012–February 3, 2013.

Corcoran Gallery of Art. "WAR/PHOTOGRAPHY: Photographs of Armed Conflict and its Aftermath," June 29, 2013–September 29, 2013.

Brooklyn Museum. "WAR/PHOTOGRAPHY: Photographs of Armed Conflict and its Aftermath," November 8, 2013–February 2, 2014.

"François Aubert." Prestige de la Photographie 3 (December 1977).

"François Aubert's Shirt of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico." History of Photography (Summer 1992). 172.



Emperor executed on June 19, 1867
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