Art/ Collection/ Art Object

The Shirt of the Emperor, Worn during His Execution

Artist:
François Aubert (French, 1829–1906)
Date:
1867
Medium:
Albumen silver print from glass negative
Dimensions:
Image: 22.2 × 15.8 cm (8 3/4 × 6 1/4 in.)
Classification:
Photographs
Credit Line:
Gilman Collection, Gift of The Howard Gilman Foundation, 2005
Accession Number:
2005.100.213
Not on view
This grisly photograph depicts the bullet-riddled shirt of the Austrian Archduke Maximilian I, who was appointed Emperor of Mexico by Napoleon III in 1864. Maximilian's puppet regime lasted only three years; when the French army withdrew from Mexico in 1867, he was captured, tried, and executed by the nationalist supporters of Benito Juarez. Aubert, a French photographer working in Mexico, photographed Maximilian's corpse and clothing, producing a sensational and somewhat gruesome record of the execution and the politically charged relics of the slain emperor.
Inscription: No inscriptions or annotations visible
François Aubert; [...]; [Lunn Gallery, Washington D.C.]; Gilman Paper Company Collection, New York, May 18, 1982

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Sight Unseen: Photographs from the Gilman Collection".

Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "WAR/PHOTOGRAPHY: Photographs of Armed Conflict and its Aftermath," November 11, 2012–February 3, 2013.

Corcoran Gallery of Art. "WAR/PHOTOGRAPHY: Photographs of Armed Conflict and its Aftermath," June 29, 2013–September 29, 2013.

Brooklyn Museum. "WAR/PHOTOGRAPHY: Photographs of Armed Conflict and its Aftermath," November 8, 2013–February 2, 2014.

"François Aubert's Shirt of Emperor Maximilian of Mexico." History of Photography (Summer 1992). 172.



Emperor executed on June 19, 1867
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