Addie Card, 12 years. Spinner in North Pownal Cotton Mill. Girls in mill say she is ten years. She admitted to me she was twelve; that she started during school vacation and now would "stay". Location: Vermont
Lewis Hine (American, 1874–1940)
Gelatin silver print
Image: 24.4 x 19.3 cm (9 5/8 x 7 5/8 in.)
Sheet: 25.4 x 20.4 cm (10 x 8 1/16 in.)
Gilman Collection, Purchase, Anonymous Gifts, by exchange, 2005
Not on view
Trained as a sociologist at Columbia University, Hine gave up his teaching job in 1908 to become a full-time photographer for the National Child Labor Committee. The success of the reform agency, created four years earlier, was largely dependent on its ability to sway public opinion. Influenced by Jacob Riis’s pictures of slum conditions on New York’s Lower East Side, Hine obsessively documented the working conditions of children in mills, factories, and fields across the country, often going undercover to gain access to his subjects. The results—more than five thousand photographs—were used in field reports, exhibitions, pamphlets, and slide lectures. Hine’s decidedly unromantic, understated pictures served as a potent weapon of persuasion.
Inscription: Inscribed in pencil, verso C: " 'Spinner in a // New England mill // A very exceptional // case in that year // N1050 547' "; inscribed in pencil, verso TLC, TC, TR: "lc2 [?]", "HINE", "1916"; inscribed in pencil, verso TR, CR: "[strikethrough "1916" followed by question mark]; inscribed in pencil, verso TR: "1913"; inscribed in pencil, verso TR: " - 1 [after "1913"]; numbered in red pencil, verso BL: "2 [encircled]"; numbered in pencil, verso BLC: "16A [encircled]"
Ernest Halberstadt (acquired in 1940s); Russell Sage Foundation; [Paul Katz, Bennington, VT]; Gilman Paper Company Collection, New York, January 8, 1979