Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Breastplate (Civanovonovo)

Date:
early 19th century
Geography:
Fiji
Culture:
Fijian
Medium:
Whale ivory, pearl shell, fiber
Dimensions:
H. 7 5/8 x W. 7 3/4 x D. 1 1/8 in. (19.4 x 19.7 x 2.8 cm)
Classification:
Bone/Ivory-Ornaments
Credit Line:
The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Purchase, Nelson A. Rockefeller Gift, 1960
Accession Number:
1978.412.746
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 353
Worn exclusively by male chiefs, breastplates in the Fiji Islands were precious and powerful objects and a prestigious element of ceremonial attire. When worn into battle, they were said to make the wearer invulnerable to enemies. Breastplates were suspended from two cords tied together behind the wearer’s neck, while a third cord passed around the body to hold the ornament in place on the chest during battle and other strenuous activities. Although worn by Fijian chiefs, breastplates were created by Tongan and Samoan artists, who had begun to settle in Fiji by the late 1700s. The plates were fashioned primarily from whale ivory, a precious material often used in combination with pearl shell. The ivory elements on some examples resemble stars or crescent moons, but their precise significance is unknown.
[Watson O'Dell Pierce, Archaeological Artifacts & Antiques, New York, until 1960]; The Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1960–1978

Kjellgren, Eric. Oceania: Art of the Pacific Islands in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York and New Haven: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2007, 173, 288-9.



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