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Commemorative Mother and Child Figure

Date:
19th–20th century
Geography:
Angola or Democratic Republic of the Congo
Culture:
Kongo, Yombe group
Medium:
Wood, glass, metal, pigment
Dimensions:
H. 13 5/8 x W. 4 3/4 x D. 3 7/8 in. (34.6 x 12.1 x 9.8 cm)
Classification:
Wood-Sculpture
Credit Line:
The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Bequest of Nelson A. Rockefeller, 1979
Accession Number:
1979.206.29
Not on view
This maternity figure is an idealized Kongo archetype of historical feminine beauty. Her raised scarifications in geometric patterns on the chest and back, filed teeth, beaded adornments, and prominent hairstyle denote this figure as a woman of elite status. The mother's peaked hairstyle is echoed by the coiffure of the child cradled in her lap. This sculpture was likely placed in a shrine to honor the ancestral mothers of a lineage. The glass fragments placed in the figure's eyes suggest the sculpture's commemorative role. Reflective surfaces such as mirrored glass suggest the surface of water, a symbolic link to the ancestral realm. Kongo cosmology posits water as the median that separates the living world from the afterlife.
Donald H. Peters; [Julius Carlebach Gallery, New York, until 1956]; Nelson A. Rockefeller, New York, 1956, on permanent loan to The Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1956–1978

Robbins, Warren M. African Art in American Collections= L'art africain dans les collections americaines . New York: F.A. Praeger, 1966, fig. 281.

Art of Oceania, Africa, and the Americas from the Museum of Primitive Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1969, 418.



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