Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Double Figure

Date:
mid-20th century
Geography:
Indonesia, Papua Province (Irian Jaya), Komor village, Lorentz River
Culture:
Asmat people
Medium:
Wood, paint, fiber
Dimensions:
H. 62 1/8 x W. 12 1/2 x D. 11 1/2 in. (157.8 x 31.8 x 29.2 cm)
Classification:
Wood-Sculpture
Credit Line:
The Michael C. Rockefeller Memorial Collection, Bequest of Nelson A. Rockefeller, 1979
Accession Number:
1979.206.1590
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 354
Humans, trees, and wood sculpture are inseparably linked in the cosmology of the Asmat people of southwest New Guinea. The human body is equated metaphysically with a tree: the legs and feet are the roots, the torso the trunk, the arms and hands the branches, and the head the fruit. In some origin traditions, humanity was born from wood figures carved by a primordial being named Fumeripits. Fumeripits built the first men’s ceremonial house, but he grew lonesome living alone, so he cut down trees and carved them into human figures for company. The lifeless figures did not relieve his loneliness, so he made a drum. As he drummed, the figures slowly came to life, becoming the first Asmat.
Almost all human images in Asmat art depict recent ancestors, whose names
they bear. Freestanding ancestor figures such as this one were created in some
areas for ceremonies celebrating the inauguration of a new men’s ceremonial
house. During the rites, performers reenacted the origin of humanity, dancing
with intentional awkwardness to simulate the movements of the first humans as they were gradually brought to life by Fumeripits's drumming.
Th. P.P. van Emden, Netherlands New Guinea; [Henri Kamer, Paris and New York, until 1961]; Nelson A. Rockefeller, New York, 1961, on permanent loan to The Museum of Primitive Art, New York, 1961–1978

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