Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Relief panel

ca. 883–859 B.C.
Mesopotamia, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu)
Gypsum alabaster
90 1/2 x 73 5/8 x 2 1/4 in. (229.9 x 187 x 5.7 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of John D. Rockefeller Jr., 1931
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 401
1854, gift of H.C. Rawlinson to Rev. William Frederick Williams; 1854, gift of Rev. W. F. Williams to Union College, Schenectedy, NY; purchased from Union College by C. E. Wells for J. D. Rockefeller; acquired by the Museum in 1931, gift of J. D. Rockefeller.
Budge, Ernest A.W., and Leonard W. King. 1902. Annals of the Kings of Assyria. Volume I. London: Trustees of the British Museum, pp. 212-221.

Weidner, Ernst F. 1939. Die Reliefs der assyrischen Könige. Archiv für Orientforschung, Beiheft 4. Part 1: Die Reliefs in England, in der Vatikan-Stadt und in Italien. Berlin: Im Selbstverlage des Herausgebers, pp. 112, 116.

Louchheim, Aline B. 1949. “Near-Eastern Art Placed on Display: Metropolitan Shows Works That Date to 5,000 Years Ago -- Diverse Races Covered.” The New York Times, p. 19.

Lines, Joan. 1955. "Ivories from Nimrud." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 13 (8), p. 242.

Carter, Dagny. 1957. The Symbol of the Beast: The Animal-Styple Art of Eurasia. New York, Ronald Press, pl. 30.

Stearns, John B. 1961. Reliefs from the Palace of Ashurnaṣirpal II. Archiv für Orientforschung, Beiheft 15, pp. 45, 66, 75, pls. 59, 86.

Glubock, Shirley. 1963. The Art of Lands in the Bible. New York: Atheneum, p. 28.

Crawford, Vaughn, Prudence O. Harper, and Holly Pittman. 1980. Assyrian Reliefs and Ivories in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 24, 31, figs. 16, 24.

Mallowan, Barbara P. 1983. "Magic and Ritual in the Northwest Palace Reliefs." In Essays in Near Eastern Art and Archaeology in Honor of Charles Kyrie Wilkinson, edited by Prudence O. Harper and Holly Pittman. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 32, fig. 1.

Harper, Prudence O., et al. 1984. "Ancient Near Eastern Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 41 (4), inside back cover.

Paley, Samuel M., and Richard P. Sobolewski. 1987. The Reconstruction of the Relief Representations and Their Positions in the Northwest-Palace at Kalhu (Nimrud) II. Baghdader Forschungen, Bd. 10, Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, pp. 31, 33-34, 41, 90, pl. 2,9, plan 2.5.

Marcus, Michelle. 1988. The Seals and Sealings from Hasanlu IVB, Iran. PhD Diss. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania. Microfilms Int. #8816203, pl. 9.

Marcus, Michelle. 1990. "Glyptic Style and Seal Function: The Hasanlu Connection." in Aegean Seals, Sealings and Administration: Proceedings of the NEH-Dickson Conference, University of Texas at Austin, Jan.11-13, 1989, edited by Thomas G. Palaima. Aegaeum 5. Liège : Université de Liège, Histoire de l'art et archéologie de la Grèce antique, p. 180, pl. XXXb.

Marcus, Michelle I. 1996. Emblems of Identity and Prestige: The Seals and Sealings from Hasanlu, Iran. Hasanlu Special Studies III. University Museum Monograph 84. Philadelphia: The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, pl. 36.
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