Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Relief panel

ca. 883–859 B.C.
Mesopotamia, Nimrud (ancient Kalhu)
Gypsum alabaster
90 1/2 x 84 1/2 x 6 in. (229.9 x 214.6 x 15.2 cm)
Credit Line:
Gift of John D. Rockefeller Jr., 1932
Accession Number:
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 401
1840s, excavated by Sir Austen Henry Layard; 1849, presented by Austen Layard to Lady Charlotte Guest for Canford Manor, Dorsetshire, England; 1919, purchased by Dikran Kelekian from Ivor Churchill Guest; 1927, purchased by J. D. Rockefeller; acquired by the Museum in 1930 (but not accessioned until 1932), gift of J. D. Rockefeller.
Budge, Ernest A.W., and Leonard W. King. 1902. Annals of the Kings of Assyria. Volume I. London: Trustees of the British Museum, pp. 212-221.

Winlock, H.E. 1933. "A New Chapter in the Museum's History of Art." Bulletin of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 28 (2), pp. 20ff.

Weidner, Ernst F. 1939. Die Reliefs der assyrischen Könige. Archiv für Orientforschung, Beiheft 4. Part 1: Die Reliefs in England, in der Vatikan-Stadt und in Italien. Berlin: Im Selbstverlage des Herausgebers, pp. 34, 102, 152-153, fig. 115, n. 199.

Louchheim, Aline B. 1949. “Near-Eastern Art Placed on Display: Metropolitan Shows Works That Date to 5,000 Years Ago -- Diverse Races Covered.” The New York Times, p. 19.

Lines, Joan. 1955. "Ivories from Nimrud." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 13 (8), p. 242.

Stearns, John B. 1961. Reliefs from the Palace of Ashurnaṣirpal II. Archiv für Orientforschung, Beiheft 15, pp. 51, 62, pl. 70.

De Filippi, W. 1977. The Royal Inscriptions of Aššur-Nāṣir-Apli II (883-859 B.C.): A Study of the Chronology of the Calah Inscriptions together with an Edition of These Two Texts. Monographic Journals of the Near East 1 (7). Malibu: Undena Publications, pp. 138-39, no. 20, 35.

Liebling, Roslyn. 1978. Time Line of Culture in the Nile Valley and Its Relationship to Other World Cultures. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Crawford, Vaughn, Prudence O. Harper, and Holly Pittman. 1980. Assyrian Reliefs and Ivories in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 23, 31, figs. 15, 24.

Mallowan, Barbara P. 1983. "Magic and Ritual in the Northwest Palace Reliefs." In Essays in Near Eastern Art and Archaeology in Honor of Charles Kyle Wilkinson, edited by Prudence O. Harper and Holly Pittman. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 34, fig. 2.

Harper, Prudence O., et al. 1984. "Ancient Near Eastern Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 41 (4), inside front cover.

Paley, Samuel M., and Richard P. Sobolewski. 1987. The Reconstruction of the Relief Representations and Their Positions in the Northwest-Palace at Kalhu (Nimrud) II. Baghdader Forschungen, Bd. 10, Mainz am Rhein: Philipp von Zabern, pp. 28, 90, pl. 2,7, plan 2.3.4.

Marcus, Michelle. 1988. The Seals and Sealings from Hasanlu IVB, Iran. PhD Diss, University of Pennsylvania, Microfilms Int. #8816203, pl. 17.

Marcus, Michelle I. 1996. Emblems of Identity and Prestige: The Seals and Sealings from Hasanlu, Iran. Hasanlu Special Studies III. University Museum Monograph 84. Philadelphia: The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, pl. 37.

Russell, John M. 1997. From Nineveh to New York. New Haven: Yale University Press, pp. 22, 63-64, 110-112, figs. 38, 89.
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