Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Bull head-shaped spout of vessel

Old Elamite
ca. early 2nd millennium B.C.
Southwestern Iran
Bitumen compound, shell
2.14 x 3.75 in. (5.44 x 9.53 cm)
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1949
Accession Number:
Not on view
Before 1918, probably Elias S. David; by 1918, Joseph Brummer, New York; probably by 1922, Walter A. Roselle, New York; acquired by the Museum in 1949, purchased from Walter A. Roselle, New York.

"Toro!! The Bull in Human History, Art and Sports," University of Wyoming Art Museum, Laramie, April 15–September 4, 2005.

Roselle, Walter. 1923. "Three Examples of Ancient Babylonian Art." Art in America 11, p. 324.

Evans, Sir Arthur. 1928. The Palace of Minos at Knossos, Vol. II. London: Macmillan & Co., p. 262, fig. 157.

Behm-Blancke, Manfred R. 1979. Das Tierbild in der Altmesopotamischen Rundplastik: Eine Untersuchung zum Stilwandel des frühsumerischen Rundbildes. Baghdader Forschungen, Vol. I. Mainz am Rhein: Philip von Zabern, K27, p. 89, Taf. 14, 70, Abb. 62.

Connan, Jacques and Odile Deschesne. 1996. Le Bitume à Suse: Collection du Musée du Louvre. Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, pp. 262, 383, fig. 55.

Kawami, Trudy S. 2008. "Bovine Stone Vessels of the Late Uruk Period." In Proceedings of the 51st Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, July 18-22, 2005, edited by Robert D. Biggs, Jennie Myers, and Martha T. Roth. Chicago: The University of Chicago, pp. 299-307 (pp. 306-307, fig. 13).
Related Objects

Helmet with divine figures beneath a bird with outstretched wings

Date: ca. 1500–1100 B.C. Medium: Bronze, gold foil over bitumen Accession: 63.74 On view in:Gallery 404

Bowl fragment with the head of a ram

Date: ca. early 2nd millennium B.C. Medium: Bitumen compound Accession: 48.98.12 On view in:Gallery 403

Roundel with head of a "hero" surrounded by caprids

Date: ca. 14th–13th century B.C. Medium: Bitumen, gold and silver foil Accession: 1989.281.24 On view in:Gallery 404

Roundel with a rosette and recumbent horned animals

Date: ca. 14th–13th century B.C. Medium: Gold, silver foil, bronze, bitumen Accession: 62.115 On view in:Gallery 404

Vessel in the form of a boar

Date: ca. 3100–2900 B.C. Medium: Ceramic, paint Accession: 1979.71 On view in:Gallery 402