Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Top of standard with male figure and flanking ibexes attacked by dogs

Period:
Middle Elamite
Date:
ca. 1500–1100 B.C.
Geography:
Southwestern Iran
Culture:
Elamite
Medium:
Bronze
Dimensions:
11 3/4 x 4 3/4in. (29.8 x 12.1cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Sculpture
Credit Line:
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1957
Accession Number:
57.13.1
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 404
One of a pair, this cast bronze element was attached to a pole by the curved tang at the bottom. A hollow ring with ropelike ridges and incised rosettes in between is surmounted by a solid-cast striding male figure wearing a knee-length belted garment and boots with upturned toes. A snake supports his front foot. He holds an object, possibly an animal, at his chest while raising the other hand in a gesture of supplication. He has both a mustache and beard, and his hair projects slightly at the front. He is flanked by two solid recumbent horned animals whose haunches are attacked by crouching dogs. The style of the male figure and the snake point to Elam as the place of manufacture. The meaning of such an unusual composition is not known, but similar male figures are found among Elamite votive images.
Acquired by the Museum in 1957, purchased from Khalil Rabenou, New York.

“Treasured Masterpieces of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.” Tokyo National Museum, The Kyoto Municipal Museum, Japan, August 10, 1972–November 26, 1972.

“The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Selections from the Collection of the Ancient Near East Department,” MOA Museum of Art, Atami, Japan, The Aiche Prefectural Art Gallery, Nagoya, Japan, The Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan, 1983.

Harper, Prudence O. 1960. "The Second Millennium B.C." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 18, p. 257, fig. 17.

Glubok, Shirley. 1963. The Art of Lands in the Bible. New York: Atheneum, p. 37.

Ghirshman, Roman. 1964. The Arts of Ancient Iran. New York: Golden Press, p. 63, fig. 78.

Tokyo National Museum. 1972. Treasured Masterpieces of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. exh. cat. Tokyo: Yomiuri Shimbun, no. 5.

Muscarella, Oscar W. 1983. "Standard Top; Male Figures and Flanking Ibexes Attacked by Dogs." In The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Selections from the Collection of the Ancient Near East Department, exh. cat. Tokyo: Chunichi Shimbun, no. 39.

Muscarella, Oscar W. 1988. Bronze and Iron: Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 229, no. 332.

Calmeyer, Peter. 1995. "Buchbesprechungen: Muscarella, Oscar W., Bronze and Iron. Ancient Near Eastern Artifacts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art." Zeitschrift für Assyriologie und Vorderasiatische Archäologie 85 (1), p. 158.
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