Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Plaque fragment

Period:
Iron Age II
Date:
ca. 9th century B.C.
Geography:
Iran, Hasanlu
Culture:
Iran
Medium:
Ivory
Dimensions:
H. 13/16 x W. 1 3/16 x D. 3/16 in. (2.1 x 3 x 0.5 cm)
Classification:
Ivory/Bone-Reliefs
Credit Line:
Rogers Fund, 1965
Accession Number:
65.163.22
Not on view
This ivory plaque with a winged, snarling lion is one of several similarly decorated ivory fragments excavated at Hasanlu. The creature's mane is rendered in triangular tufts, while its wing is shown with four feathers emerging from a curved band. A dowel hole at the upper left suggests how such carved plaques were once attached to pieces of furniture or other objects. Although winged lions exist in both Assyrian and northern Syrian art, this example reflects a style of ivory carving found at Hasanlu.
1964, excavated by Robert H. Dyson Jr. on behalf of the Hasanlu Project sponsored by the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, the Archaeological Service of Iran, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art; acquired by the Museum in 1965, as a result of its financial contribution to the excavations.
Muscarella, Oscar W. 1966. "Hasanlu 1964." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 25, p. 130, fig. 20.

Muscarella, Oscar W. 1980. The Catalogue of Ivories from Hasanlu, Iran. Hasanlu Special Studies II. University Museum Monograph 40. Philadelphia: The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, no. 165, pp. 78-79.

Marcus, Michelle I. 1988. The Seals and Sealings from Hasanlu IVB, Iran. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennnsylvania. Ann Arbor: University Microfilms International #8816203, pl. 5a.

Marcus, M. 1989. "Emblems of Authority: The Seals and Sealings from Hasanlu IVB." Expedition 31, p. 55.

Marcus, Michelle. 1990. "Glyptic Style and Seal Function: The Hasanlu Connection." in Aegean Seals, Sealings and Administration: Proceedings of the NEH-Dickson Conference, University of Texas at Austin, Jan.11-13, 1989, edited by Thomas G. Palaima. Aegaeum 5. Liège : Université de Liège, Histoire de l'Art et Archéologie de la Grèce Antique, p. 177, pl. XXVIb.

Marcus, Michelle I. 1996. Emblems of Identity and Prestige: The Seals and Sealings from Hasanlu, Iran. Hasanlu Special Studies III. University Museum Monograph 84. Philadelphia: The University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, pl. 30a.

Rakic, Yelena ed. 2010. Discovering the Art of the Ancient Near East: Archaeological Excavations Supported by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1931–2010. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 68 (1), Summer 2010, p. 35.

de Schauensee, Maude. 2011. Peoples and Crafts in Period IVB at Hasanlu, Iran. Hasanlu Special Studies IV, edited by Robert H. Dyson. University Museum Monograph 132. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Appendix 1.1, HAS 64-912.
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