This conical stone vessel tapers towards a rounded base. Stone vessels were very common in all areas of the ancient world, and stones of striking color and appearance were often traded over great distances. It is one of the thousands of artifacts of terracotta, bronze, iron, gold, silver, and ivory which were recovered from monumental buildings at the site of Hasanlu in northwestern Iran. Hasanlu is best known for its early first-millennium B.C. occupation. At that time, it was a major local center of commerce and artistic production with close ties to other political and creative centers of the Near East. In 1957, the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania initiated large-scale excavations at the site with the Iranian Archaeological Service. The Metropolitan Museum of Art co-sponsored the excavations from 1959 to 1977 and received a share of the finds. Many of these objects are now on display in the Museum. Hasanlu was settled from the sixth millennium B.C. through the Achaemenid Persian period of the fifth and fourth centuries B.C., as well as later in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Excavations included both stratigraphic soundings and horizontal clearance of the early first-millennium B.C. levels, when the settlement included a fortified citadel and a surrounding lower town and cemeteries. A violent attack and subsequent fire destroyed Hasanlu at the end of the ninth century B.C. and the resulting collapse of buildings buried not only numerous artifacts but also many of the inhabitants.
1964, excavated by Robert H. Dyson Jr. on behalf of the Hasanlu Project sponsored by the University Museum of the University of Pennsylvania, the Archaeological Service of Iran, and The Metropolitan Museum of Art; acquired by the Museum in 1965, as a result of its financial contribution to the excavations.
“The Era of ’76,” The Carborundum Museum, Niagara Falls, New York, June 6, 1975–February 10, 1976
Muscarella, Oscar W. 1966. "Hasanlu 1964." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 25, p. 134, fig. 35.