Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Standing warrior

Period:
Early Bronze Age
Date:
ca. late 3rd millennium B.C.
Geography:
Syria-Levant
Medium:
Copper
Dimensions:
H. 41 cm
Classification:
Metalwork-Sculpture
Credit Line:
Gift of Norbert Schimmel Trust, 1989
Accession Number:
1989.281.9
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 403
Standing with arms bent and extended, this figure has distinctive elongated proportions, a pointed head with long braided hair, and a bearded oval face with large eyes (originally inlaid). He once held weapons in his hands, perhaps a spear and mace, and wears a knee-length kilt and a wide belt with long tassel ties. The feet have sandals and the tangs on the bottom served to attach the figure to a stand or other furniture, perhaps in a temple. The figure may represent a hero or even a deity, although he does not wear distinguishing headgear such as horns or a crown. The statuette is impressive for its size, larger than most bronze examples of its type.

The style of the figure is related to early third millennium bronzes found near Antioch in Syria, and it may be a later example in the same tradition.
Said to be found in the Jezzine mountains of Lebanon in 1948 (Seyrig 1953, p. 35, pl. XI, 1); 1953, known on the art market; by 1958, collection of Norbert Schimmel; from 1983, on loan to the Museum by Norbert Schimmel (L.1983.119.18); acquired by the Museum in 1989, gift of Norbert Schimmel Trust.

“Man in the Ancient World,” Queens College of the City University of New York, New York, February 10–March 7, 1958.

“Ancient Art in American Private Collections,” The Fogg Art Museum of Harvard University, Cambridge, December 28, 1954–February 15, 1955.

“Thou Shalt Have No Other Gods Before Me,” The Jewish Museum, New York, May 3–September 6, 1964.

“The Beauty of Ancient Art: Exhibition of the Norbert Schimmel Collection,” The Fogg Art Museum of Harvard University, Cambridge, November 15, 1964–February 14, 1965.

“From the Lands of the Bible: Art and Artifacts,” America-Israel Culture House, New York, May 22–July 3, 1968.

“Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection,” Cleveland Museum of Art, Dallas Museum of Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 1974–1977.

“Von Troja bis Amarna,” Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg, Archäologische Staatssammlung, Munich, Germany, 1978–1979.

“Ancient Art: Gifts from the Norbert Schimmel Collection to the Metropolitan Museum of Art,” The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, June 4, 1991–September 15, 1991.

Seyrig, Henri. 1953. "Antiquités Syriennes." Syria 30, pp. 35f, pl. XI, 1.

Porada, Edith. 1958. "Introduction." In Man in the Ancient World: An Exhibition of the Pre-Christian Objects from the Regions of the Near East, Egypt, and the Mediterranean. exh. cat. Flushing, New York: The Queens College Art Collection, pp. 10, 14, no. 14.

Von Bothmer, Dietrich, ed. 1961. Ancient Art from New York Private Collections. exh. cat. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, no. 28.

Hoffman, Herbert, ed. 1964. Norbert Schimmel Collection. Mainz: Philipp Von Zabern, no. 60.

Farkas, Ann R. 1964. Thou Shalt Have No Other Gods Before Me. exh. cat. New York: The Jewish Museum, no. 129.

American Israel Cultural Foundation. 1968. From the Lands of the Bible: Art and Artifacts. exh. cat. New York: American Israel Cultural Foundation, p. 93, no. 350.

Muscarella, Oscar W., ed. 1974. Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection. exh. cat. Mainz: Philipp Von Zabern, no. 119.

Negbi, Ora. 1976. Canaanite Gods in Metal: An Archaeological Study of Ancient Syro-Palestinian Figurines. Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University, p. 149, pl. 12, no. 76.

Settgast, Jürgen, ed. 1978. Von Troja bis Amarna: The Norbert Schimmel Collection New York. exh. cat. Mainz: Philipp Von Zabern, no. 141.

Seeden, Helga. 1980. "The Standing Armed Figurines in the Levant." in Prähistorische Bronzefunde Abteilung I, Band I. Munich: C.H. Beck, pp. 10-15, pl. 5, no. 9.

Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 120 (Jul. 1, 1989 - Jun. 30, 1990), p. 12.

Muscarella, Oscar W. 1992. "Statuette of a Warrior." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49, Ancient Art: Gifts from the Norbert Schimmel Collection, p. 5.

Schorsch, Deborah. 1994. "Lebanese Mountain Figures." In Hundwerk und Technologie im Alten Orient. Mainz: Phillipp von Zabern, p. 114.
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