Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Roundel with head of a "hero" surrounded by caprids

Period:
Middle Elamite
Date:
ca. 14th–13th century B.C.
Geography:
Southwestern Iran
Culture:
Elamite
Medium:
Bitumen, gold and silver foil
Dimensions:
Diam. 9.2 cm
Classification:
Metalwork-Ornaments
Credit Line:
Gift of Norbert Schimmel Trust, 1989
Accession Number:
1989.281.24
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 404
This roundel, carved out of bitumen, was originally overlaid with silver and gold foil. Finely incised in the center is the head of a hero figure with long hair parted down the middle, ending in three curls on each side. The figure is separated from a row of seven recumbent rams by a double rope pattern band. The outer border is the same rope-pattern. The roundel would have been attached to another object as a decorative element. Several similar roundels were excavated at the Middle Elamite sites of Haft Tepe (ancient Kabnak) and Susa. The style of the hero's face and delineation of his features are seen in Elamite art as well.
By 1964, collection of Norbert Schimmel; from 1965, on loan to the Museum by Norbert Schimmel (L65.15); acquired by the Museum in 1989, gift of Norbert Schimmel Trust.

“Origin and Influence, Cultural Contacts: Egypt, the Ancient Near East and the Classical World,” The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, December 18, 1970–April 23, 1971.

“Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection,” Cleveland Museum of Art, Dallas Museum of Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 1974–1977.

“Von Troja bis Amarna,” Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Museum für Kunst und Gewerbe, Hamburg, Archäologische Staatssammlung, Munich, Germany, 1978–1979.

“Ancient Art: Gifts from the Norbert Schimmel Collection to the Metropolitan Museum of Art,” The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, June 4, 1991–September 15, 1991.

Hoffman, Herbert, ed. 1964. Norbert Schimmel Collection, exh. cat. Mainz: Philipp Von Zabern, no. 73.

Amandry, Pierre. 1965. "Un motife 'scythe' en Iran et en Grèce." Journal of Near Eastern Studies 24 (3), p. 152, note 21, pl. 28.

Wilkinson, Charles K. 1965. "Art of the Marlik Group." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 24 (3), p. 109, fig. 11.

Calmeyer, Peter et al. 1972. Das Tier in der Kunst Irans, exh. cat. Stuttgart: Linden-Museum, no. 18.

Muscarella, Oscar W., ed. 1974. Ancient Art: The Norbert Schimmel Collection. Mainz: Philipp Von Zabern, no. 151.

Settgast, Jürgen, ed. 1978. Von Troja bis Amarna: The Norbert Schimmel Collection New York. Mainz: Philipp Von Zabern, no. 160.

Winter, Irene. 1980. A Decorated Breastplate from Hasanlu Iran. Hasanlu Special Studies I. University Museum Monograph 39. Philadelphia: University Museum, University of Pennsylvania, fig. 48.

Muscarella, Oscar W. 1992. "Roundel." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 49 (4), Ancient Art: Gifts from the Norbert Schimmel Collection (Spring 1992), p. 14.
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