Interaction between Mesopotamia and the Greco-Roman world—initiated by the conquests of Alexander the Great, continuing with the influx of Greek merchants and settlers in the Seleucid period and Roman settlements in the area during the Parthian period—had a considerable impact on the style, subject matter, and technique of Mesopotamian art of the first millennium A.D.
This exquisitely crafted earring consists of an Eros-like, winged male youth with long curly hair partly drawn up in a topknot above his forehead. His hands are on his hips and one wing is folded back while the second is missing. There is a suspension loop on his lower body from which hangs a three-lobed wineskin covered with granulation (minute granules of gold attached to the surface). The combination in this earring of Eros, a Greek deity, and the wineskin, a Near Eastern motif that became associated with the worship of Dionysos, shows the seemingly eclectic borrowing from Greek culture that often characterizes the art of the Near East in this period.
The style and subject matter date this earring to the Parthian period, and its provenance suggests that it was originally from Mesopotamia. The calling card of Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Hope accompanied the earring into the Museum's collection, and on the back are notes detailing the history of ownership, stating that it was found by British archaeologist Austen Henry Layard, excavator of Nimrud and Nineveh, around 1845.
1845-1847, said to be found in Nineveh by Sir Austen Henry Layard; given by Sir Austen Henry Layard to Captain Robert Innesby; until 1995, collection of Innesby family; acquired by the Museum in 1995, purchased from Christie's, London, on July 5, 1995, lot 130.
Christie's. 1995. Fine Antiquities. 5 July 1995, London, lot 130.
Harper, Prudence O. 1996. "Ancient World - Earring." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 54 (2), Recent Acquisitions: A Selection 1995-1996 (Autumn, 1996), p. 8.