Art/ Collection/ Art Object

Rhyton with female head

Period:
late Parthian–early Sasanian
Date:
ca. 3rd century A.D.
Geography:
Mesopotamia
Culture:
Parthian or Sasanian
Medium:
Ceramic, glazed
Dimensions:
H. 15 x W. 6 in. (38.1 x 15.2 cm)
Classification:
Ceramics-Vessels
Credit Line:
Purchase, Gift of Dr. Mortimer D. Sackler, Teresa Sackler and Family, and 2000 Benefit Fund, 2001
Accession Number:
2001.178
On view at The Met Fifth Avenue in Gallery 405
This vessel belongs to a rare class of glazed ceramic rhytons with female heads and animal-shaped spouts. The upper part is in the form of a vase with one handle (now lost). It appears as a tall bulbous crown above the head (made from two half-molds), which displays puffy cheeks, thickly lined eyes and brows, and small lips. The richly patterned "melon" coiffure is embellished by a diadem of wheat stalks with a band that includes a palmette, a crescent and star, and a rosette. Below a necklace the vessel tapers into a bull's head with a pouring hole at the mouth. The diadem motifs may identify the head as that of the goddess Nana, daughter of the moon god and sister of the sun god. This nature and astral deity, although first seen in Mesopotamian texts – she is referred to in texts from Esagila, the Temple of Marduk in Babylon, as "the power over princes and the scepter of kings" – but may have been Iranian in origin. She was represented in Parthian and Kushan art and widely worshiped in Mesopotamia, Iran, and Central Asia.
Acquired by the Museum in 2001, purchased from Robert Haber and Associates, Inc., New York.
Annual Report of the Trustees of the Metropolitan Museum of Art 131 (Jul. 1,2000 - Jun. 30, 2001), p. 11.

Aruz, Joan. 2001. "Rhyton with Female Head." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 59 (2) (Autumn, 2001), p. 13.
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