Art/ Collection/ Collection/ Art Object

Necklace pendants and beads

Period:
late Old Babylonian
Date:
ca. 17th–16th century B.C.
Geography:
Mesopotamia, said to be from Dilbat
Culture:
Babylonian
Medium:
Gold
Dimensions:
1.42 in. (3.61 cm)
Classification:
Metalwork-Ornaments
Credit Line:
Fletcher Fund, 1947
Accession Number:
47.1i
Not on view
Ca. 1911, known and possibly purchased by Ernst Herzfeld, near Tell al-Deylam (ancient Dilbat); by 1914, collection of Georg Hahn, Berlin; acquired by the Museum in 1947, purchased from Charlotte Weidler, New York, on behalf of Georg Hahn.

“Art of the Ancient Near East,” The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, March 4–September 5, 1949.

“Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries: The Metropolitan Museum of Art,” The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, November 14, 1970–June 1, 1971.

“Gold,” The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, April 14–September 9, 1973.

“The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Selections from the Collection of the Ancient Near East Department,” MOA Museum of Art, Atami, Japan, The Aiche Prefectural Art Gallery, Nagoya, Japan, The Seibu Museum of Art, Tokyo, Japan, 1983.

Meissner, Bruno. 1915. Grundzüge der Babylonisch-Assyrischen Plastik. Der Alte Orient 15, Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs, p. 64, fig. 115, pl. XV.

Meissner, Bruno. 1925. Babylonien und Assyrien II. Heidelberg: Carl Winter, pp. 270-271, pl. 147-148.

Van Buren, E. Douglas. 1945. “Symbols of the Gods in Mesopotamian Art.” Analecta Orientalia 23. Rome: Pontificum Institutum Biblicum, pp. 63, 73, 89.

Wilkinson, Charles K. 1949. "The Art of the Ancient Near East," The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 7, (March 1949), pp. 186-198.

Wiseman, Donald J. 1960. "The Goddess Lama at Ur," Iraq 22, pl. XXIII f,g,h.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1970. Masterpieces of Fifty Centuries. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., pp. 26, 83, fig. 13.

Maxwell-Hyslop, K.R. 1971. Western Asiatic Jewelry, c.3000-612 B.C. London: Meuthen Young Books, pp. 88,145, fig. 61-65c.

Boehmer, Rainer Michael. 1972. Die Kleinfunde von Bogazkoy aus den Grabungskampagnen 1931-1939 und 1952-1969. Berlin: Mann, pp. 25- 26, fig. 13d, e.

Orthmann, Winfried. 1975. "Babylonisch-Assyrisches Kunsthandwerk," Der Alte Orient 14. Berlin: Propyläen Verlag. pp. 327, 330, pl. 253a.

Liebling, Roslyn. 1978. Time Line of Culture in the Nile Valley and its Relationship to Other World Cultures. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Oates, Joan. 1979. Babylon. London: Thames and Hudson, fig. 31, p. 53.

Wolters, Jochem. 1981. "A Short History of the Art of Granulation -- II: Types and Styles," AURUM 87 (Quarterly for Jewelry Manufacturers published by International Gold Corp. Ltd), pp. 6-13, fig. 1.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. 1983. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Guide, edited by Kathleen Howard. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, p. 54, fig. 22.

Harper, Prudence O. et al. 1983. The Metropolitan Museum of Art: Selections from the Collection of the Ancient Near East Department, exh. cat. Tokyo: Chunichi Shimbun, no. 8.

Harper, Prudence O. et al. 1984. "Ancient Near Eastern Art." The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin 41 (4), Spring 1984, p. 20, fig. 19.

Pittman, Holly, in collaboration with Joan Aruz. 1987. Ancient Art in Miniature: Near Eastern Seals from the Collection of Martin and Sarah Cherkasky. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, pp. 30-31, fig. 17.

Invernizzi, Antonio. 1992. Dal Tigri All'Eufrate II: Bibilonesi e Assiri. Florence: Le Lettere, p. 87, fig. 139.

Lilyquist, Christine. 1994. "The Dilbat Hoard," Metropolitan Museum Journal 29, pp. 5-36.

Kawami, Trudy. 1996. "Melammu and Puluhtu: The Aesthetic, Religious and Political Significance of the Ancient Near Eastern Shamshatu Medallion." Jewelry 1, pp. 79-91.

Huot, Jean-Louis. 2003. American University of Beirut Archaeological Museum Newsletter 17, p. 17.

Benzel, Kim, Sarah B. Graff, Yelena Rakic, and Edith W. Watts. 2010. Art of the Ancient Near East: A Resource for Educators. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, image 15, pp. 80-81.
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