Goya (Francisco de Goya y Lucientes) (Spanish, Fuendetodos 1746–1828 Bordeaux)
Brush and gray wash on laid paper
Overall 6 x 3 9/16 in (15.3 x 9.1 cm)
Harris Brisbane Dick Fund, 1935
Not on view
Goya is highly regarded as a remarkable portrait painter with the rare ability to move beyond physical appearances to capture the essence of a sitter. During his long career he produced a number of self-portraits of which, this is one of the most powerful. Goya looks directly at the viewer with mesmerizing intensity. Yet the portrait seems to be somewhat introspective, a close examination of himself, conveying emotional clarity and precision. Goya suffered a serious illness between October 1792 and February 1793 which left him profoundly deaf for the rest of his life. Deprived of his hearing, the interior world that Goya must have inhabited is well expressed in this portrait, where the intensity of his thoughts seem manifest in his gaze. The head is the only carefully resolved part of the sheet, his garments are only lightly indicated. The badge attached to his lapel is inscribed with his name ‘Goya’. The purpose of the drawing is not known. It might have been made purely through self-reflection and his desire to capture his physical likeness reflecting his psychological state, or possibly as a sheet to give to a friend or even, as an idea to later develop into a print.
Inscription: Numbered in pen and dark brown ink at upper right: '1.' Signed in brush and gray wash, upside down: Goya [on lapel pin].
Xavier Goya?; Mariano Goya?; Valentin Carderera (Madrid); Federico de Madrazo y Küntz (Spanish, Rome 1815–1894 Madrid); Mariano Fortuny y Madrazo (Venice, 1894–1935)
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Francisco Goya, His Paintings, Drawings and Prints," January 27, 1936–March 8, 1936.
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C. "Goya: Drawings and Prints," April 2, 1955–April 24, 1955.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Goya: Drawings and Prints," May 4, 1955–May 30, 1955.
Los Angeles County Museum of Art. "Old Master Drawings from American Collections," April 29, 1976–June 13, 1976.
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. "Goya and the Spirit of Enlightenment," January 18, 1989–March 26, 1989.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Goya and the Spirit of Enlightenment," May 9, 1989–July 16, 1989.
The Metropolitan Museum of Art. "Goya in the Metropolitan Museum of Art," September 12, 1995–December 31, 1995.
The Frick Collection, New York. "Goya's Last Works," February 22, 2006–May 14, 2006.
Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid. "Goya en tiempos de guerra," April 14, 2008–July 13, 2008.
London. National Gallery. "Goya: The Portraits," October 7, 2015–January 10, 2016.
Gassier (from "The Drawings of Goya") no. 331, p. 502; Gassier/Wilson 666; MMA 1995, frontispiece; Mayor 23
Valentin Carderera "Les dessins de Goya." in Gazette des Beaux-Arts. vol. 7, Paris, 1860, Vol. VII, pp. 222-227.
Valerian von Loga Drei Briefe Goyas, in Kunst und Künstler. VI, 1908, (ill.), fig. no. 65, p. 65, ill.
Francisco Goya : his paintings, drawings and prints. Exh. cat.: MMA January 27 - March 8. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1936, Metropolitan Museum of Art, An Exhibition of the Work of Goya, 1936, also Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris, 1935.
Harry B. Wehle "Fifty Drawings by Francisco Goya." MMA Papers no. 7. New York, 1938, p. 7, ill.
Art Treasures of the Metropolitan: A Selection from the European and Asiatic Collections of the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Harry N. Abrams, Inc., New York, 1952, pp.69, 222, ill.
Jacob Bean 100 European Drawings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York Graphic Society, New York, 1964, cat. no. 92, fig. no. 92, ill.
Pierre Gassier, Juliet Wilson Bareau Goya His Life and Work. London, 1971, London, part II, fig. 666 (ill and listed); p. 164 (mentioned)., fig. no. fig. 666, p.114, ill.
A. Hyatt Mayor Goya: 67 Drawings. Exh. cat. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1974, Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1974, no. 23, repr., fig. no. no. 23.
Pierre Gassier The Drawings of Goya. 1975, 1975, p. 502 , no. 331, repr., fig. no. no. 311, repr., p.502.
Ebria Feinblatt Old Master Drawings from American Collections. Exh. cat., Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Los Angeles, 1976, p. 215, fig. 229.
Margret Stuffmann Goya Zeichnungen und Druckgraphik. Exh. cat., Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut Frankfurt am Main, 13. Februar bis 5. April. 1981, Frankfurt am Main, Städelschen Kunstinstitut, (catalogue by Margret Stuffmann), 1981, repr. as frontispiece.
Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez, Eleanor Sayre Goya y espíritu de la ilustración. Spanish edition of exhibition catalogue: Madrid-Boston-New York, 1988. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Spanish. Spain, 1988, Spanish edition of exhibition catalogue: 1988 Madrid-Boston-New York (Drawing not exhibited in Madrid; see Exhibition card) pp. 200-201, no. 34, repr., cat. no. 34, fig. no. no. 34, pp. 200-201.
Priscilla E. Muller Goya y el espíritu de la ilustración [Exhibition Catalogue] by Alphonso E. Pérez Sánchez;Eleanor A. Sayre; Goya and the Spirit of the Enlightenment [Exhibition Catalogue]. Master Drawings. Vol. 27, No. 4, 1989, pp. 374-75.
Juliet Wilson Bareau, Tom Lubbock Goya: Drawings From His Private Albums. Exh. cat., Hayward Gallery, London, February 22-May 13, 2001. London, 2001, fig. no. 1, ill.
A. Schulz Goya's Last Works by Jonathan Brown; Susan Grace Galassi Master Drawings. Vol. 45, No. 3, 2007, fig. no. 1, pp. 395-96, ill.
Manuela Mena Marqués Manuela B. Mena Marqués, Manuela Mena Marqués Manuela B. Mena Marqués, Museo Nacional del Prado Goya en tiempos de guerra. Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2008, (as ca. 1796, entry by Manuela B. Mena Marquès), cat. no. 10, pp. 150-51, ill.
Jonathan Brown, Lisa A. Banner, A. Schulz et al. The Spanish Manner: Drawings from Ribera to Goya. Exh. cat., The Frick Collection, New York (October 5, 2010 - January 9, 2011). New York, 2010, pp. 120-21, fig. 32 (text by Andrew Schultz), ill.