Carpeaux drew this in preparation for a modeling stand to be used in the creation of his fifth-year project at the French Academy in Rome, Ugolino and His Sons (1861). It includes a finalized design of the pyramidal sculpture. The wooden modeling stand was constructed to hold the clay version of the group from which a plaster cast was made. The stand's top was designed with an embedded rotating circle, allowing the sculptor to turn the piece and view and work on the group from various angles.
Galerie Manzi Sale, Paris, Joyant, December 8–9, 1913, no. 231 (the three drawings 1975.98.1-3); Pierre Decourcelle (French)Decourcelle sale, Paris, Hôtel Drouot, June 16, 1926, no. 17, repr. (the three drawings 1975.98.1-3); Raynaldo Hahn According to price list of sale; Daniel Wildenstein
The Drawing Center. "Sculptors' Drawings Over Six Centuries 1400-1950," March 18, 1981–June 20, 1981.
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. "Sculptors' Drawings Over Six Centuries 1400-1950," July 23, 1981–September 20, 1981.
New York Studio School of Drawing, Painting, and Sculpture. "Sculptors' Drawings," October 13, 1999–November 13, 1999.
Georges Lecomte La Vérité sur l'oeuvre et la vie de J.-B. Carpeaux. 1, Paris, 1934, p. 85.
Colin Eisler Sculptors' Drawings Over Six Centuries: 1400-1950. New York, 1981, cat. no. 63, 63c, ill.
Anne Middleton Wagner Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux. New Haven and London, 1986, fig. no. 163, pp. 159-160, ill.