A satyr reclincing near a large vase set in a landscape
Giovanni Benedetto Castiglione (Il Grechetto) (Italian, Genoa 1609–1664 Mantua)
Sheet (trimmed to plate line): 4 1/2 × 8 3/8 in. (11.4 × 21.2 cm)
Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1917
Not on view
In the 1640s, Castiglione produced a group of etchings that bring to life the world of Theocritus' 'Idylls' and Virgil's 'Eclogues', in which Pan is frequently invoked as lord of the flocks and patron of pastoral poetry. In this etching, the resting god, wearing his usual crown of pine, receives a second crown of grape leaves. The volcano must be Etna, for the rustic verse of both the Greek Theocritus (ca. 300–260 B.C.) and the Roman Virgil (70–19 B.C.) is set in Sicily.
Bartsch XXI.19.18 (only state)
Adam von Bartsch Le Peintre graveur. Vienna, 1803, cat. no. XXI.19.18 (only state).